Research Available at the MarsCorrect.Com Website Contents

HOME PAGE Code Glossary & Basics Contents 1: 2020 Events 2019 Events 2018, 2017 & 2016 Events 2015 and 2014 Events 2013, 2012 & 2011 Events Contents 2: Code&Ark Issues Contents 3B: Other Mars Science Contents 3A: MarsCorrect Contents 3C: Mars Codes Contents 4: UFOs Contents 5: President Trump Contents 6: Obama Contents 7: Israel Contents 8: Time Travel Contents 9: People (alphabetically) Contents 10 - Generals Enemy of the State? Ruth Ginsburg Dies HITLER & THE 4TH REICH Hitler, Antarctic & UFOs Biden Teleprompter Rittenhouse, Pelosi & Civil War 2020 Asteroid Threat Kamala, Reparations & Health Care Beirut Explosion & Date Alien Infiltration Communist Obama, Creepy Biden Chloroquine, Moderna, Vaccine&Meteorites 3/26/2020 Warning to China &Wickramasinghe 2020 Time Odyssey America Fallen 2 Statues and Statutes Bolton's Breakdown Yoho Curses AOC ANTIFA De Blasio Out? Star Wars: Air Force vs. Space Force Finally...OBAMAGATE! No Further Explanation Chinese War Preview Trump takes Chloroquine Source of Covid-19 Radio Interview Alien Embryo EBRAHIMI E-Mails Ebrahimi Attachments PowerPoint Ebrahimi to Wuhan Source of Ebrahimi Meteorites Wickramasinghe & Wuhan 4/19/20 Boris Johnson & Wuhan 4/8/20 Wuhan Patient Zero 4/7/20 Ebrahimi Meteorite Virus? 4/1/2020 24,000 Dead by 1st of Nisan 3/27/2020 Remdesivir Wuhan, Martial law & Milley 3/19/20 Israeli Vaccine for Wuhan 3/19/20 Meteorite & Kirkland 3/18/20 Wuhan Virus 3/29/20 Wuhan Virus & Stocks 3/2/20 Bloomberg & M. Obama Pelosi Rips Speech Ebrahimi rock Secession from the Union A DEAD AYATOLLAH? Ukraine Airliner Downed Threat to White House&Pentagon GENERAL SOLEIMANI KILLED SOLEIMANI UPDATE Biblical Nanotechnology Gen. Milley & Ocasio Cortez Militias, Trump & Civil War America Fallen, Gen. Milley & ET Leaker Vindman Yovanovitch & Hunter Biden Abu Al Ata Assassinated WHISTLE BLOWER Trump Tax Returns John Durham vs. Deep State General Milley Fighting ETs & Hyrbids Netanyahu Mandate Fate Code Politics and Art Growing Civil War Talk Trump Impeached? Saudi Oil War Beto O'Rourke & Guns Bolton Report Card Trump: Disloyal Jews Hurricane Dorian Epstein's Clinton Portrait Michelle Obama in 2020 Epstein Death Epstein& Clinton Mueller & Fusion GPS Video Games & Shootings DNI Coats out Ratcliffe in & out Martian Contamination Omar: Impeach Trump Einstein's dog NY Blackout, Iran&Korea EMP Attack & Transformers Trump & Kim at DMZ Iran War 2019? MIRROR UNIVERSE. Gold Asteroid Mission Philly Oil Fire John Paul 2 in WW2 Mexican Wall Port Canaveral Threat? N. Korean Ship Seized Liberman brings down Netanyahu Enemy Nadler Future Barr Indictments Barr vs. Obama&Clinton List of my TV & Radio Shows Huachuca tease Sri Lanka Attack Fall of Maduro? Mueller Corruption Israeli Election 2019 Israeli Moon Crash ET & Time Control Biden's Groping Peter BUTTIGIEG MARS LIVES! Mike Cohen & Nuc War Golan Heights & Gaza Divided Goverment & UFOs? Trump on Socialism Ilhan Omar Kamala Harris & Healthcare Decreasing fertility - A plot? Trump grounds Air Pelosi American is Fallen 2 America Fallen National Emergency & The Wall Warren 2020: Candidate or Lunatic? MotherF Rashida Tlaib Syrian Withdrawal SecDef/General Mattis Resigns Gen. Flynn & Judge Sullivan Iran's General Mansouri CIVIL WAR AHEAD July 2018 Radio Interview 2017 Torah Codes Skype Interview Macron & Merkel Tijuana & MS13 Border Angela Merkel Mars InSight Lands 2 Crimes: Mail Bomber vs. Attack on Synogogue Plastic Threat Don Lemon Avenatti Arrested U.S. Demographics Khashoggi Murder Algae/Oxygen on Mars? Volcanic Eruption on Mars? Jeff Flake, Obama&Mueller Collins Confirms Kananaugh Crazy Democrats Brett Kavanaugh Bill Cosby - Really Guilty? Kurzweil & the Singularity Radiant Face of Moses Pope & Sex Abuse Paul Manifort Trial John McCain - Ever Abducted? FBI raids Trump's lawyer Ellison, Hitler, Jews&Insanity Trump Not Establishment Colonize Mars Feinstein's spy driver Secret Funding for Space? Huachuca madness Trump, Putin, Helsinki & ET Lake on Mars Rosenstein Impeached? Maxine Waters SPACE FORCE Mars Dust Storms & Bacteria Mars Correct - Connecting the Dots Mars MAVEN Jeff Sessions Singapore Summit Trump Nobel Prize Bourdain Suicide No Gay Wedding Cake Helo to Mars Inspector General JERUSALEM EMBASSY Kim frees 3 Quantum Entanglement Iran's General Soleimani Project Amad Giuliani Mistake ATOMIC TRAIN Creator Decoder Armageddon Assad Update Gaza border fight Kim surrenders nukes? John Bolton Stormy Daniels Tillerson fired. Pompeo hired. Brookhaven Natl' Lab Tachyon Time Climbing Mt. Sharp Time Machine and Ezekiel Shooter Nick Cruz Tachyons & Wormholes Arrow of Time Steven Hawking Mexico Wall Uranium One Trump calls Dems Treasonous Deep State & Vatican Eagles win Superbowl Trump, Haiti & Truth Peter Strzok & Comey New California Falcon Heavy Tesla&Mars Popadopoulos Arrest God from Future? False Nuc Alarm Andrew McCabe Korean Olympics war threat Jerusalem is capital Bir El Abd, Daesh & Ark Texas Church Massacre Morgenthau for Vietnam Schumer brought Sayfullo Deep State Level 3 Redirect Asteroid to North Korea Vegas Security Guard Steven Paddock Robert E. Lee & Slavery Korea, Guam & Atomic Holocaust Kim, Obama & Iran Nukes Korean Propaganda FUTURE WARNING China Economic War Transgenders & Military Trump Jr. & Russian Veselnitskaya Otto Warmbier Steve Scalise Shot Trump & Paris Accord Biden & Romney Known terrorist & London Bridge Code Names Manchester Bomber Comey&Schumer  Coup Attempt CFR BrzezinskI Mueller & Impeachment Attempt Syrian Crematorium TRUMP FIRES COMEY President Ping & Korean War MOABs against N. Korea Obama Nobel China-Korea Japan War Korean Atomic War Trump Attacks Putin&Assad Kananpaa & Bogus Mars Weather Rice&Obama spy on Trump Ryan's Health care fails Islam's Judas Westminster Attack THAAD missile shield Obama wiretaps Trump Enemy News Trump, Musk & Mars Fort Huachuca Trump, Enemy Media & Insomnia TRAPPIST-1  Solar System General H. R. McMaster Tom Price & ObamaCare Repeal Australia& Obama attack America Mike Pompeo at CIA Jared Kushner Manning Sentenced CIA's John Brennan Ft. Lauderdale ISIS Airport Shooter DNC Hacker: Putin or Netanyahu Alien Virus & Politics Trump: Embassy to Jerusalem Netanyahu: Israel out of U.N.? Close the U.N. Karlov assassination Carrie Fisher as Leah Aleppo, Syria Obama Birth Trump Administration General Mattis: SECDEF? Trump picks Viola For Army Obama's Gay Sec. Army Tilllerson as Secretary of State Frozen sea on Mars Trump&Romney General Flynn Trump & Mexico Trump&Prejudice Trump Elected? TRUMP PICKS PENCE Steve Bannon Trump & Kelly Bimbo Obama, Clinton, Trump & Mental Illness Donald Trump in 2016? Trump&Obama Blumenthal & Birthers Oct 5 TV interview SpaceX Failure - Sabotage? Clinton Stroke? Kaepernick Treason ZIKA Weiner Saga Obama kills flag pledge? N.Y. Iman Murdered Debbie Shultz fired as predicted Ali Sonboli - Munich killer Clinton EMail & FBI Comey Micah Johnson: Cop Killer Senator Perdue Obama prayer HAIL BRITANNIA! Omar Mateen & Obama Muhammad Ali RADIO INTERVIEW 5/8/2016 Mars Powerpoint Katie Couric Lies 2016 Election Romney tries convention theft PRINCE DEATH Hot Mars Info UFO Hypnosis Alien President Obama - Reptilian Alien? Obama in Cuba Time Experiment Garland&Obama Targeting Iran Scalia Murder? Bloomberg in 2016 Martian Life seen by MSL? Christian Values & Election Oldest Person Running water on Mars Mars Weather on 682 days Contents: People Nimr A-Nimr Beheaded Space X Lands Podkletnov update Netanyahu Kills Samir Kuntar Pope: No Jewish Conversion Russian Beheaded Turkey downs Russian Jet Pollard Matrices Jihadi John & Paris Metrojet Crash James Webb in 2016: Surprise? Boehner Out, Ryan In Destruction of Rome Nuke War Date? Bin Laden&O'Neill TIANJIN EXPLOSION Huckabee & Kim Davis NASA Achilles Heel World War 3 Date Lights on Ceres Gays & World War Excommunicate 3 Justices No Strategy Obama Lincoln Chafee in 2016 Bob Jindal in 2016? John Kasich in 2016? Ben Carson 2016? Lindsey Graham in 2016 George Pataki in 2016? Bernie Sanders in 2016? Martin O'Malley in 2016? Vatican recognizes Palestine Carly Fiorina in 2016? Clinton Foundation Korean Defense Minister Shot Freddie Gray Riot USS Roosevelt to Yemen Obama Surrender Gilbert Levin found Mars Life Valerie Jarrett Bergdahl &Obama Impeachment? Palestinian State? Obama Traitor & Iran Boehner invites Netanyahu Netanyahu Says NO to Obama Netanyahu&UN NETANYAHU Satanic Obama's enemies Anti-Semite Obama Podesta UFO Disclosure UFO Disclosure Pelosi and Netanyahu Pharaoh Obama Jordanian Pilot LT Kateasbeh Japanese beheaded Livni vs. Netanyahu Air Asia Crash 2015 DATES Jan. 1, 2015 Charlie Hebdo Communist Obama & Cuba Ferguson Verdict 1st Ferguson Riot Eric Holder Dr. Brandenburg: Nuke on Mars Moshe Feiglin - future Prime Minister? ISIS, Kassig, & Obama Executive Action & Impeachment O'NEILL SHOOTS BIN LADEN Elon Musk & Sabotage Gaza Buffer Zone Islam attacks Ottawa Kim Jong Un Comet Siding-Spring Tom Duncan Ebola to US India & Mars Ebola Obama Khorasan in Syria Alton Nolen Beheads Scotland Votes NY Nuke Nightmare Pistorius Trial Is Obama Our Enemy? Is Obama Really Hamas? Cameron vs. Obama Israel&ISIS Sotloff Beheaded Foley Beheaded Obama & Mind Reading Computer Logistics & Gaza War Joan Rivers Robin Williams Voices from the Cosmos Birthday UFO Gaza 2014 War Gaza Children Netanyahu launches Protective Edge at Gaza Contents 7: Science &Tech DEAD SEA SCROLL CODES ON TV Roffman Code Radio Show Talmud&Names Malaysia Flight 17 Al- Maliki & Defeat in Iraq Why Cantor Lost Jay Carney Repulsine Drive Potter UFO 1 Michael Sam Boko Haram Donald Sterling Malaysia 370 shot down? Ranch War? Malaysia Airlines Air France Malaysia Pilot Zaharie Shaw Ukraine, Russia & War President Snowden? Kerry Messianic Snake Salvation Death Belarus  & ObamaCare Mars Rock Mystery Pot President Roffman Mars Radio Show Justin Bieber Minimum Wage Duck Dynasty Bush in 2016 Clinton 2016 Biden in 2016 Cruz in 2016 Christie in 2016? Ryan in 2016 Rand Paul 2016 Romney 2016 Rubio 2016 Walker in 2016 Santorum 2016 Perry in 2016 Cuomo in 2016 Warren 2016 Satanic Obama Cure to Aging? Polygamy China Crisis Iran-Nuke-Deal 2014 Dates Encoded 911:Atomic-Iran Keep-your-plan? Sebelius&Obama Nelson Mandela Comet-Ison-Fear End of America Janet Yellen Kenya-Mall-Terror PUTIN OP-ED Putin, Obama, Assad & Enemies Israeli Intel vs. Assad Mubarak Freed? Mubarak Death? McCain & Morsi MAJOR HASAN Bill O'Reilly Fear  of Obama Zimmerman Free Flood on Mars Politics alters Mars weather Egypt's ElBaradei Army Suicide Mullah Omar TWA FLIGHT 800 Gay Scouting? Tornado Chasers Swiss against Kosher food ALLAH AKBAR & Mickey Mouse Jodo Arias Mars Cover-up & Obama N. Korea & Boston Where is God? Obama-Assad Bombers Found GUANTANAMO Nuke Korea Hagel&Korea Kim Jong Un Warship Sunk Korea Attack Erich VonDaniken Brain Mapping JC Stomp Mars Hoax Knives on Jets Obama&Israel New Pope Cardinal Mahoney Chavez&Obama Pope Resigns Rick Perry 2018 Mars mission crew Slideshows for Codes & Mars Asteroid 2012da14 School Shooting Fordo Iran Nuke Hit? Dr. Afrida 2013 Dates Encoded Lance Armstrong Hitler Escaped? Mars Coverup Doomsday Benghazi&Rice UFO Hacker Clark McClelland Arafat Polonium Election&Code  Lessons Biased News Babylon, America &Obama 2012 Election Stevens Murder Rubio, Gays & Catchism World War 3 Identity Chips Obama=Nuke War Arab Riots Mars One Way Batman Shooter Assad Update  Iran Overdue Fast&Furious Time & Boson Prometheus Zionist Threat? Breitbart Death New Party Nuclear Talks Flame Virus Stuxnet Virus Obama&Gays Chaplain Woes Attack Iran? Ending Muslim Terror USS Cole Reagan&UFOs 2012 & The End of Days End of Days Romney vs. Obama Obama vs. Court Hunger Games Obama Open Mic Threat Analysis Master of Fate Nuke Iran Foreign Aid Russian Veto Panetta&War Iranian Threat Atomic Threat Brewer's Finger Mitt Romney War in Hormuz WAR in 2012 EMP Attack Malcolm X & Obama Nuke Murder Concordia Sinks Israel to Moon Rocket Sabotage 2012 Republicans Atom. Holocaust Missile Base Attack Isfahan Attack Iran is Gog Rabbi Levin Reversing Time Altering Time Iran War Plan Qaddafi Death Kaddafi Execution Solyndra Loan DEFINE ELS Aldrin&Obama Obama Alias EXODUS ROUTE Pakistan&Osama Scott Jones&ET BinLaden Dead 2012 ELECTION Obama's Failure UFO Teleportation Gravitics&Time Baptism Annulled (Spiritual Custody) Define ELS-Map Alien DNA No Alien gods! Winds of Mars 2012 Supernova? Obama History Dual Citizen Obama's School Barry Soetoro 251.565 MAPS ARK HISTORY Expedition Pics ELS MAP 1 ELS Map 2 ELS MAP 3 ELS MAP 4 ELS MAP 5 ELS MAP 11 ELS MAP 12 ELS MAP 13 ELS MAP 14 ELS MAP 15 ELS MAP 16 EXPEDITIONS ETHIOPIA&ARK Tanis&the Ark Who's a Jew? Tree of Life 2012 Dates Encoded Ron Wyatt & Saudi Sinai Vatican&Hitler Vatican Rule Jack Lu: The Finance Jew Act of God & Election Ukraine Riots Rosetta Comet Landing Boston Marathon Sue Bradley OBAMACARE Shutdown Secession Vote? Obama hoax? NewYork Curse Major Hassan Hitler Youth Code Hypothesis United States Ariel Sharon Netanyahu Wins, Yair Lapid 2nd McChrystal Fired Obama Security Apartheid Israel? Obama, Muslim King of Sodom Obama Brother Sgt Bob Bales Korean Execution Mars Lies Ishmael's Birth Sochi Terror Gas Masks in Israel Korans Burned New Gaza War Gaza Jabari Hit Assad's Missiles Chris Dorner Piers Morgan: Amend Bible? Khalid Mansour 8-27-2012 GOP Convention Egypt's Election Attack via Azerbaijan Philadelphi Rt. Paul Ryan Whitney Houston Nazarene-wife Asteroid Toutatis Mayan Doomsday Holdings Book Ahmadinejad in Space Korean Rocket Coach Sandusky Armstrong&Moon Armada vs. Iran Qaddaffi son killed Romney&Bain Trump's wife abd election problems Mormon Concerns London Olympics Photos&Maps 2 Zubrin & Mars 7/28/12 Threats? Mars Stonewall Weather Goof by Mars Rover Remote Viewing Comet Lovejoy Space Shuttle Odd Shortsale Japan Tsunami Fukushima&End Meltdown Plutonium&H2O UFO Abduction Shutdown Deal WikiLeaks 1st Debate No Teleprompter Rodney King China in Space? Alien Hybrids? Bob Salas UFO MSL Sky Color Mars Sky Color Ashima/MIT&Mars Mars Base End of NASA Brain-Reading Brokow vs. Gingrich Newt Gingrich Santorum&Gays Roberts Vote Ron Paul Cain Withdraws Jeb Bush 2012 Assad's Wife French Election Basketball Court Hamid Karzai Terror in France Mofaz&Netanyahu BeerSheba Attack George Soros Shalit Release Steve Jobs Social Security Barney Frank Michele Bachman Mineral Quake 9-11-2011 Lennon&Imagine Irene Flood Joplin Tornado Casey Anthony Jeff Savage Eilat Attack Renfroe UFO Mt. Sinai Pics Rocket Defense Haiti Earthquake Giffords shot Impeach Obama? Obama Loss Qaddaffi&Obama Don't ask/tell? Internet Dangers Past Presidents Jon Huntsman Bush Memoirs Bin Laden New Civil War? Rahm Emanuel Roman Rahm Mayor Rahm Antimatter Planet Kepler22b Atomic Iran Peace Talks Abu Mazen U.S. Israel Rift Israeli ship-raid Iran Chicken Iran&Suez Canal Mousavvi Top Kill Fails Pakistan Flood Halliburton&Oil Mars Monolith Potter UFO 2 End of All Life IRS Attack Chemical Ali Oil Spill Oil and Life Airline Miracle Christmas Polish President Gaza Iron Wall TR-3B UFO Life on Mars Ark to Mars UFO Onion-Drive Wormholes Martian Life Olympus Mons MSL Mars Launch H Bomb Test Supercollider ANTIGRAVITY Robson&Jupiter Onion Drive Update NIKOLA TESLA Armageddon Assad Holocaust PALIN RESIGNS 613 IRAN WAR Gaza Invasion ZECHARIAH Statistics Permutation Control Text Obama&Islam NASA Director Michael Jackson To Muslims 2008 Election Clintons Clinton Weds Nuclear War? Baal Zephon B. Zephon&Ark Implications Jeremiah&Ark Vendyl Jones In Jerusalem? Al-Awlaki Death Ark Destroyed? Titus/Rome Knights Templar Mt. Nebo/Ireland? ELIYAHU RIPS Rabbi Glazerson Hawass&Permits Religious Tests Other Texts? Mayan Calendar Google&Privacy Nasrallah Judge Elena Kagan Obama&McCain Snooping Skip Tables Term Positions RABIN MURDER 27-August-2012 Judge More (sp.) YASIR ARAFAT Hurricanes Walter K. York Romney&Netanyahu LINKS Roswell Angelic Doctor Joseph Smith Rod Rosenstein Transgender Michelle? Mars SAM Buy ARK CODE ROFFMAN BIO Weiner Scandal Spiritual Custody Contents Annulled Ch. 1 Annulled Ch. 2 Annulled Ch. 3 Annulled Ch. 4 Annulled Ch. 5 Annulled Ch. 6 Annulled Ch. 7 Annulled Ch. 8 Annulled Ch. 9 Annulled Ch10 Annulled Ch11 Annulled Ch12 Annulled Ch13 Annulled Ch14 Annulled Ch15 Annulled Ch16 Annulled Ch17 Annulled Ch18 Annulled Ch19 Annulled Ch20 Annulled Ch21 Annulled Ch22 Annulled Ch23 Epilogue Custody press coverage MSL Yr 5 Summer MSL Yr 5 SPRING MSL Yr 4-5 Winter MSL Yr 4 Fall MSL Yr 4 Summer MSL Yr 4 Spring MSL Yr 3 Winter MSL Yr 3 Fall MSL Yr 3 Summer MSL Yr 3 Spring MSL Yr 2-3 Winter Kerry Obama Iran Hoax Sept 4 2019 Radio Show Ebrahimi Update DOD-UKMOD SITREP 3 JULY 2020 R VALUES

Updated 9/7/2020

SEPTEMBER 7, 2020: End of Martian Spring Season update to MARS CORRECT - CRITIQUE OF ALL NASA MARS WEATHER DATA

ABSTRACT: We present evidence that NASA is seriously understating Martian air pressure. Our 11-year study critiques 2,871 Sols up through 3 September 2020 (8.08 terrestrial years, 4.29 Martian years) of highly problematic MSL Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) weather data, and offers an in depth audit of over 8,311 hourly Viking 1 and 2 weather reports. We discuss analysis of technical papers, NASA documents, and personal interviews of transducer designers. We troubleshoot pressures based on radio occultation/spectroscopy, and the previously accepted small pressure ranges that could be measured by Viking 1 and 2 (18 mbar), Pathfinder and Phoenix (12 mbar), and MSL (11.5 mbar – altered to 14 mbar in 2017). For MSL there were several pressures published from August 30 to September 5, 2012 that were from 737 mbar to 747 mbar – two orders of magnitude high – only to be retracted. We challenged many pressures and NASA revised them down. However there are two pressure sensors ranges listed on a CAD for Mars Pathfinder. We long thought the CAD listed two different sensors, but based on specifications of a new Tavis sensor for InSight that is like that on PathFinder, it appears that the transducer could toggle between two pressures ranges: 0-0.174 PSIA/12 mbar (Tavis Dash 2) and 0-15 PSIA/1,034 mbar (Tavis Dash 1). Further, for the MSL according to an Abstract to the American Geophysical Union for the Fall 2012 meeting, The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) states of their MSL (and Phoenix) Vaisala transducers, “The pressure device measurement range is 0 – 1025 hPa in temperature range of -45°C - +55°C (-45°C is much warmer than MSL night temperatures), but its calibration is optimized for the Martian pressure range of 4 – 12 hPa.” So while we first thought that of the first five landers that had meteorological suites, none could measure Earth-like pressures, in fact, three landers were actually equipped to get the job done. Further, all original 19 low UV values were removed when we asked about them, although they eventually restored 12 of them. REMS always-sunny opacity reports were contradicted by Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter photos. Why REMS Team data was so wrong is a matter of speculation, but we demonstrate that their weather data was regularly revised after they studied online critiques in working versions of this report. REMS even labelled all dust 2018 Global Dust Storm weather as sunny, although they did list the UV values then as all low.

Vikings and MSL showed consistent timing of daily pressure spikes which we link to how gas pressure in a sealed container would vary with Absolute temperature, to heating by radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs), and to dust clots at air access tubes and dust filters. Pathfinder, Phoenix and MSL wind measurements failed. Phoenix and MSL pressure transducer design problems included confusion about dust filter location, and lack of information about nearby heat sources due to International Traffic and Arms Regulations (ITAR). NASA Ames could not replicate dust devils at 10 mbar. Rapidly filled MER Spirit tracks required wind speeds of 80 mph at the assumed low pressures. These winds were never recorded on Mars. Nor could NASA explain drifting Barchan sand dunes. Based on the above and dust devils on Arsia Mons to altitudes of 17 km above areoid (Martian equivalent of sea level), spiral storms with 10 km eye-walls above Arsia Mons and similar storms above Olympus Mons (over 21 km high), dust storm opacity at MER Opportunity blacking out the sun, snow that descends 1 to 2 km in only 5 or 10 minutes, excessive aero braking, liquid water running on the surface in numerous locations at Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) and stratus clouds 13 km above areoid, we argue for an average pressure at areoid of ~511 mbar rather than the accepted 6.1 mbar. This pressure grows to 1,050 mbar in the Hellas Basin.

A PowerPoint version is found at Mars Correct? Mars is West!. This presentation was uploaded on March 27, 2018. 

                                         TABLE OF CONTENTS                              

Table of Contents…………………………………………………………..

iii

List of Illustrations…................................................................................

iv

ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………………………

1

1. INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………..........................

2

   1.1 Comparison of Martian and terrestrial dust devils……………..………………………

3

     1.1.1 Geographic Occurrences and the Greenhouse and Thermophoresis Effect………

3

     1.1.2 Seasonal Occurrences and Electrical Properties………………….……………… 

4

     1.1.3. Size and Shape …………………………………………………………………………..

4

     1.1.4. Diurnal Formation Rate and Lifetime………………………………………………..

4

     1.1.5 Wind Speeds……………………………………………………………………………..

4

     1.1.6 Core Temperature Excursions…………………………………………………………

4

     1.1.7 Dust Particle Size – The Problem of Martian Dust <2 Microns and Wind Speeds.

4

     1.1.8. Core Pressure Excursions……………………………………………………………… 

5

   1.2. NASA Ames Test of Martian Pressures and Dust Devils ……………………………

8

2. OVERVIEW OF PRESSURE INSTRUMENTATION PROBLEMS…...................

9

   2.1 Viking 2 and Gay-Lussac’s Law………………………………………………………….

11

   2.2 Pathfinder and Phoenix Pressure Issues………………………………………….

16

   2.3. Which Transducers Were Used?…………………………………………………

19

   2.4. Issues Raised by the FMI

21

2.5. DID ANY TAVIS OR VAISALA TRANSDUCERS PEG OUT AT THEIR MAXIMUM PRESSURES?.....................................................................................................

27

    2.5.1 How extraordinary was the (temporary) 1,149 Pa pressure spike of MSL Sol 370?

27

     2.5.2. The importance of gleaning data from identification of our web site readers.

28

    2.5.3 Why is it so wrong to alter data to fit an expected curve? 

34

   2.6 The Dust filter on Viking…………………………………………………………..

38

      2.6.1. The issue of Viking pressure reports and digitization…………………………………

38

     2.6.2. The issue of daily pressure spikes at consistent time-bins.

39

2.7. MSL Weather Reporting Fiasco

44

3. CAVES ON AND SPIRAL CLOUDS ABOVE ARSIA MONS AND OLYMPUS MONS ON MARS.

47

4. THE ISSUES OF SNOW, WATER ICE, AND CARBON DIOXIDE ON MARS.

49

   4.1. Annual Pressure Fluctuations Recorded by Viking 1, Viking 2, and Phoenix -   Maximum Pressure in the Northern Winter?.....................................................................

49

4.1.1. Ls of minimum pressure………………………………………………………

50

4.1.2. Ls of maximum pressure…………………………………………………………………..

50

5. RADIO OCCULTATION…………………………………………………………….

63

5.1 Shifting Standards – The Relationship of the MOLA Topography of Mars to the Mean Atmospheric Pressure.  

65

6.  SPECTROSCOPY PRESSURE READINGS BY MARS EXPRESS ORBITER.

69

7.  MARTIAN WIND PROBLEMS…..............................................................................

70

   7.1 Anemometer/Telltale Wind Speed Issues…………………………………………………

71

   7.2 Martian Bedforms – Too Much Movement of Sand Dunes and Ripples for 6.1 mbar

72

   7.2.1 Issues Raised by the paper on Planet-wide sand motion on Mars by Bridges et al. (2012)

73

8. DO DOWNRANGE LANDINGS MEAN THINNER OR THICKER AIR?...........

79

9. DUST OPACITY AND PRESSURE…......................................................................

83

10. EXCESSIVE DECELERATION DURING AEROBRAKING OPERATIONS

90

   10.1 Mars Global Surveyor (MGS)……………………………………………………………

90

   10.2 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO)…………………………………………… 

91

11. THE GLOBAL DUST STORM OF 2018

92

   11.1 Pressures Claimed for the 2018 Global Dust Storm

95

   11.2 Brief Summary of 2018 Dust Storm Data

106

   11.3 Possibility of a Biological Factor in Lifting Dust

106

   11.3.1 Martian Dust Storm Seasons

107

   11.4 Martian Dust Storm Paths and Radioactive Areas

107

12. MARS PATHFINDER PRESSURES

109

13. THE POTENTIAL PRESSURE ON MARS………………………………………

111

   13.1 Did NASA ever publicly back 20 mbar on Mars?

111

   13.2 Biology, Methane, and a Possible Hint of the Real Martian Air Pressure…....................

112

   13.3 Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL), Perchlorates and Running Water on Mars…...........

116

     13.3.1 Length of daylight where RSL are found………………………………………………..

116

     13.3.2 Latitudes, times and temperatures for evidence of running water………………….

118

     13.3.3 The role of perchlorates in RSL…………………………………………………………

119

    13.4 Other Water on Mars – the Frozen Sea at Utopia Planitia

121

   13.5 The High End of Pressure Estimates for Mars…......................................................

125

   13.6. Pressure Drop as MSL Climbs Mt. Sharp vs. Scale Height Predictions.

129

14. RELATIVE HUMIDITY

138

15. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT CONCERNS

141

    15.1. Ground Temperature Problems

143

    15.2. Winter Ground Temperatures above freezing in MSL Year 2

150

    15.3. Why the early winter ground temperatures are so important and possible life seen on Sol 1185

150

     15.3.1 Evidence of Life on Mars.

152

    15.4. MSL Air and Ground Temperature Differences.

156

        15.4.1. Oxygen Solubility in near-surface Martian environments and aerobic life.

158

    15.5. MSL Diurnal Temperature Variations………………..

160

       15.5.1. Why does the temperature fall more degrees at MSL in summer nights than winter nights?

164

   15.6. Probable Failure of the Ground Temperature Sensor or Personnel Issues?

164

      15.6.1 Failure of the Temperature Sensor.

171

      15.6.2 Personnel Issues.

171

      15.6.3 Mixed messages about the range and sensitivity of pressure sensors sent to Mars.

173

      15.6.4. A Possible Excuse for REMS Errors.

178

    15.7 Temperature, Pressure and Albedo

179

16. ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND CLOUD COVER AT MSL.

183

16.1 Solar Longitude for sols at MSL with very high and low ultraviolet radiation.

185

17. CRASH OF THE EXOMARS 2016 SCHIAPARELLI LANDER

194

      17.1 ESA gets smarter – Raises ExoMars orbit due to excessive density of Mars’s atmosphere

197

18. CONCLUSIONS……………………………………………………………………….

199

19. RECOMMENDATIONS…............................................................................................

206

20. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS…….................................................................................

207

AFTERWORD: What difference could this all possibly make? ………………

208

21. REFERENCES…...............................................................................................................

214

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE BASIC REPORT

FIGURE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Arsia Mons dust devils

3

2

Utah dust devil pressure drop

5

3

Pressure drops at Phoenix and Pathfinder

6

4

Relative magnitude of 0.62 mbar increase in pressure for Viking 1 at its sol 332.3 and pressure drops or 79 convective vortices/dust devils at Mars pathfinder

7

5A

First photo from the surface of Mars and dust kicked up

10

5B

Rocks on the deck of the MSL Curiosity

10

6

Pressure calculator with Gay-Lussac Pressure Law and Viking 2 results.

12

7

Prediction success totals per time-bin and corresponding % of successful predictions.

13

8

Sample of Annex F – Viking 1 daily pressure predictions & measurements with cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions

14

9A-9C

Relationship of temperature changes to pressure changes on Viking 2

15

10A

Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011

17

10B

Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484

18

10C

Three different Tavis transducers

19

10D

Tavis was used on both Pathfinder and Insight

20

11A

Vaisala 10484 pressure transducer on Phoenix and MSL

21

11B

Relative size of dust filters for Mars landers

22

12A

Pressure and Temperatures Recorded by Phoenix

23

12B

Except for Sol 370 the black MSL pressure curve is suspiciously too close to the Viking 2 curve above it and the Viking 1 curve below it. 

24

13

Quality control Individuals test.

27

14A

MSL sensor pegged out at max pressure

30

14B

MSL pressure sols 369-371

29

14C

The REMS team alters the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data

31

14D

Ashima Research has not yet altered the critical MSL Sol 370 pressure data

31

14E

REMS also alters pressures for Sols 1160 and 1161.

32

14F

REMS again revises pressures for Sols 1300 and 1301.

33

14G

REMS alters temperature data too when it is off the curve.

34

15A

MSL REMS Block Diagram

35

15B

Real Mars Sky Color

35

16A

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.

40

16B

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134 -199.

40

16C

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219.

40

16D

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304

40

16E

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334

41

16F

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350

41

16G

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175

41

16H

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199.

41

16I

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260.

42

16J

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290.

42

16K

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291- 305.

42

16L

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361

42

17A

REMS Team data confusion

45

17B

Data day length and wind report changes from Ashima Research due to our efforts

45

18A-D

Inverse relationship between MSL pressures and temperatures

46

19

Caves on Arsia Mons

48

20

Spiral clouds over Arsia Mons and Olympus Mons

48

21A

1,177Pa and 1,200 Pa maximum pressures published

51

21B

Approximate display of how MSL pressure data fits in with VL-2, VL-1 and Phoenix data. 

52

22A

Ashima Research does not support exact minimum MSL pressures published by the REMS Team

53

22B

REMS plays games with the minimum pressure so far for MSL Year 3 on Sol 2002.

56

23

Pressure curve for MSL’s first 866 sols.

60

24

Radio Occultation Points on Mars with locations of Olympus Mons and Arsia Mons indicated

67

25

MOLA map of Mars with topographic features, landing sites, and methane plumes

68

26A

Mars Express OMEGA spectroscopy-derive surface pressures

69

26B

Four years of in situ pressures at Viking 1 lander site

69

27

Phoenix telltale waving in Martian wind

72

28

Wind speeds recorded at Viking 1 for its sols 1 to 116 and 134 to 350

75

29

Wind speeds recorded at Viking 2 for its sols 1 to 399

76

30

Erasure of Spirit’s tracks during the 2007 global dust storm

77

31

Dust Storms and pressures recorded at Vikings 1 and 2.

78

32

Reconstructed density for Spirit landing

80

33

Reconstructed density for  Opportunity entry

80

34

Reconstructed density for Phoenix entry

81

35

Dust storm in  Phoenix, Arizona

82

36

Sols 852 to 858 REMS vs. Malin

83

37

Opacity changes at Opportunity from sols 1205 to 1235.

89

38

VL1 pressure and opacity

90

39

Actual Dynamic Pressure – normalized to an altitude of 121 km

91

40

2019 Global Dust Storm Sols 2082 to 2090

93

41

2018 Global Dust Storm blacks out the sun at Opportunity

94

42

Two images from the Mast Camera (Mastcam) on NASA’s Curiosity rover depict the change in the color of light illuminating the Martian surface

95

43

The altitude from – July 26, 2016 to October 15, 2016 was somewhere between 4,400 meters in July to 4,360 meters below areoid.

96

44

Possible correlation between radioactive hot spots and dust storm origination on Mars?

108

45

Time-averaged surface pressures for 30 sols of Pathfinder

109

46

Diurnal pressure cycle for MSL Sol  10 and MPF Sols 9 and 10

110

47

History of beliefs about Martian Atmospheric Pressure

112

48

Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM)

113

49

Methane spikes seen by MSL at Gale Crater.

114

50A-I plus Plates 5 and 6

The Color of the Martian Sky

115

51

Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL)

117

52

Location of RSL on Mars

118

53

Projected surface and subsurface temperature to 10 cm depth at Melas Chasma

119

54

Relation between temperature, season & direction for RSL at Melas Chasma

119

55

Spectroscopy, RSL & perchlorates/Perchlorates and boiling point on Mars

121

56

Map of Utopia Planitia where a water ice sea was found on Mars

123

57

Pressure predictions based on stratus clouds 16 km over Mars Pathfinder

128

58

Gale Crater topographic map

131

59

Comparison of scale heights in The Martian Climate Revisited and on a NASA web site.

134

60

Comparison of pressure readings by Viking 1, Viking 2, Mars Phoenix, and MSL

137

61

Relative humidity is missing from REMS weather reports

138

62

Relative humidity claims for Gale crater

139

63

Relative humidity in the blast zone, arriving at Rocknest, leaving Rocknest and at Glenelg in Gale Crater.

  140

64

The REMS Team drops above freezing temperatures to below freezing

142

65

Huge uncertainty of MSL ground temperatures

143

66

MSL temperature sensor range

145

67

MSL ground temperature sensor

146

68

Mars Science Laboratory high air and ground temperatures for 3+ Martian years.

147

69

Mars Science Laboratory low air and ground temperatures for 3+ Martian years.

148

70

Unaveraged periodic temperature data from Mars Pathfinder (0.25 meters to 1 meter height)

149

71

The green spherical and cocoon-like objects seen on sols 1185 and 1189. The green spheres might be photosynthetic life.

151

72A

The putative ooids found in the same area as the spheres shown on Figure 57A might be simply smaller versions of the same phenonena.

153

72B

Figure 72B: Likely growth and reproduction of life on Mars. From R Gabriel Joseph el al, 2019.

153

73

Elevations and ground temperatures encountered while MSL was at positions noted by JPL. Possible life was seen on Sol 1185, along with a warmer than expected high ground temperature. The position noted for MSL for Sol 1248 is a return to within 20 meters of where the potential life was seen before. Then it moved within about 10 meters of the site.

154

74

Some of the unusually warm ground temperatures including five above freezing seen early in MSL Year 2 Winter.

155

75A

Diurnal drop in high temperatures from the ground up to 1.5 meters above ground level at MSL

156

75B

Graph of temperature drops at MSL for its summer (Year 2) and Winter (Year 2 to 3)

156

76

Location of meteorological sensors on Booms 1 and 2 of MSL.

159

77

While low air temperatures for sols 1670 and 1671 were both -76° C, the ground temperature lows differed by 30° C.

163

78

Sols 1720 to 1721 – Record low of -136° C.

163

79

Results from Spectroscopy when matching RSL with perchlorates

164

80

MSL Sols 1717 to 1721 topography with altitudes below areoid with low air and ground temperatures posted by the REMS Team.

166

81

JPL identified positions and MOLA altitudes for sols 1639 to 1671.  Low air and ground temperatures were added based on REMS Team weather reports.

167

82

 JPL published the positions for MSL Sols 1635, 1636, 1639, 1642, 1643, 1645, 1646, 1648 and 1649. During these dates low ground temperatures varied between -79° and -93° C. However, the dates that they did not show had ground temperature lows that varied from -80° and -111° C with five temperatures colder than -101° C, the coldest temperature ever observed by MSL.

168

83

Alteration of REMS Team report for Sol 1605 after we questioned it.

It is quite apparent that before March, 2017 reports that vary too  much from the preceding day or previous Martian year at the same Ls do not survive long at the REMS site at  http://cab.inta-csic.es/rems/en

  172

84

Viking 1 and Viking 2 error in unit conversion

174

85

The REMS Team would not permit low temperatures warmer than -50°  C.

175

86

Print-screen (recorded on July 23, 2017) of the FMI Abstract entitled Pressure and Humidity Measurements at the MSL Landing Site Supported by Modeling of the Atmospheric Conditions.

  176

87

The Vaisla Pressure sensor and its range as depicted by Spaceflight101.com. (1150 Pa top pressure)

177

88

REMS puts out a new maximum pressure for MSL. This time it’s 1400 Pa (14 mbar).

178

89

Maximum temperature calculated according to Boltzman’s Law with TES measurements from the equator to -10° latitude (10° South latitude)

 

 

179

90

Combining day and night infrared shooting, I have obtained this map in false colors where red spots area areas that tend to warm up more quickly during the day, while green resembles areas that tend to retain more warmth overnight, everything else is shown in blue.

181

91

Ls of Mars when MSL was experiencing low UV or very high UV.

186

92

Initial low UV values reported by the REMS Team and how the reports were altered. All low UV values between Sol 608 (April 22, 2014) and Sol 1200 on December 22, 2015 were obliterated by February 22, 2016.

188

93

After the REMS Team (a) dropped all UV values and (b) read our concerns about their behavior they changed at least 12 sols back to low UV. See Figure 77B for the rest of such changes.

189

94

After the REMS Team (a) dropped all UV values and (b) read our concerns about their behavior they changed at least 12 sols back to low UV. Figure 77B shows such changes that were not documented on Figure 77A

   190

95

Not all changes away from low UV were restored. As of October 12, 2017 no such restoration has made yet for Sol 1006.

191

96

Sunny skies advertised for MSL Sols 82 to 88 were not backed by the MSSS MARCI images

193

97

ESA gets smarter – Raises ExoMars orbit due to excessive density of Mars’s atmosphere

198

98

Changes in sky color and opacity due to the dust storm at MSL between May and June 2018.

203

 

TABLES IN THE BASIC REPORT

TABLE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Pressure at various elevations on Mars based on a scale height of 10.8 and a pressure at Mars Areoid of 6.1 mbar. 

8

2

Viking 1 cyclic accuracies for pressure predictions.

12

3

Pressures revised by JPL/MSL after we highlighted them

25-26

4A

Sample of how the Mars Correct team tracks weather data published by the REMS Team/JPL

37

4B

Digitization limitations and the specific pressures reported by VL-2 for its first summer on Mars

39

5

Viking 1 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies

43

6

Viking 2 Time-bin pressure and temperature change studies               

44

7

Pressures @ LS 90 and minimum pressures seen by VL-1, VL-2 and MS8

54

8

Landers and expected pressures based on landing altitude

54

9

Comparison of Viking 1 and Viking 2 Pressures for Ls 270

58

10

Variations in day length at Ls 70 South

59

11

Comparison of Martian Pressures via Radio Occultation & Calculated Scale Height Calculations

63

12

Six attempts by Mariners 4, 6 and 7 to measure pressure by radio occultation.

65

13

Profile of the windiest Viking day on Mars

74

14

Extracts of the MSSS reports that mention cloudy or dusty weather at the Curiosity Rover in Gale Crater, Mars, and weather in equatorial regions where Curiosity is found.  

84-88

15A

MSL Sols, Ls and Altitude in Meters Below Areoid

97

15B

REMS weather data for the 2018 Global Dust Storm

99-102

15C

Length of Sols on Mars at key solar longitudes related to dust storms

107

16

Calculation For Pressure At Utopia Planitia (Based on 6.1 mbar at areoid)

 

122

17

Pressure and altitudes for MSL Years 2 and 3 between Ls 11 and 19

130

18A

Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 10.8 km

132

18B

Pressure calculations for altitudes discussed above using a scale height of 11.1 km

133

19

Pressures over 925 Pa revised by JPL/REMS after we highlighted them or published them in earlier version of our Report

135

20

MSL temperatures altered by the REMS Team in July, 2013

141

21

Usually warm ground temperatures early in the winter of MSL year 2

151

22

Coldest air and ground temperatures for the first 29 Martian months of MSL operations on mars

161

23

MSL maximum and minimum air and ground temperatures Sols 1634 to 1684

169-170

24

Initial ultraviolet radiation reported through 1,256 sols at MSL. 

183

25

UV radiation reported up to Sol 1,338 after the REMS Team dropped all 19 original low UV values and then restored 12 of them.

184

26

UV for 2,007 MSL sols

185

27

Weather at MSL for Sols 2080 to 2097 during the  2018 Global Dust Storm

196-197

 

ANNEXES (with links) AND APPENDICES

 

SECTION

TOPIC

PAGE

Annex Abstract

Overview of data in the Annexes

A-1

ANNEX A

VIKING 1 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES and Mars Time-Bin Clock.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf

A-2 to

A-59

ANNEX A Appendix 1

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 to .34 time-bins. Sols 1-116.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20A%203%20SEP%202013.pdf

A-3 to A-22

Appendix 2

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 134-199.

A-23 to

A-34

Appendix 3

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 200-219.

A-35 to A-38

Appendix 4

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 220-304

A-39 to    A-50

Appendix 5

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 305-334

A-51 to    A-55

Appendix 6

VL-1 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 335-350

A-56 to    A-59

ANNEX B

VIKING 2 MORNING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE CHANGES

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20B%209%20September%202013.pdf

B-1 to B-39

Appendix 1

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 156-175

B-2 to B-5

Appendix 2

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 176-199.

B-6 to B-10

Appendix 3

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 201-260.

B-11 to     B-20

 

Appendix 4

 

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 261-290.

B-21 to     B-26

Appendix 5

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 291-305.

B-27 to     B-30

Appendix 6

VL-2 pressures of .26 to .3 time-bins & .3 and .34 time-bins. Sols 306-361

B-31 to     B-39

ANNEX C

VIKING 2 STUCK PRESSURE GAUGE

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20C%209%20September%202013.pdf

C-1 to C-54

ANNEX D

PERCENT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MEASURED PRESSURES ON VIKING AND GAY-LUSSAC/ AMONTON’S LAW-BASED PREDICTIONS

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20D%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

D-1 to D-171

Appendix 1

Viking 1 Sols 1 to 199

D-3 to D-94

Appendix 2

Viking 1 Sols 200 to 350

D-95 to    D-171

ANNEX E

Measured vs. Predicted Pressure Percent Differences for Viking-1 Time-bins 0.3 and 0.34 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20E%209%20September%202013.pdf

E-1 to E-14

ANNEX F

Percent Difference Experimental Summary

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20F%20%2010%20September%202013.pdf

F-1 to F-18

Appendix 1

Percent Difference Flow Chart for Viking 1 Sols 1 to 116 & 200 to 350

F-5 to F-16

Appendix 2

Histogram with temperatures at successful predictions per time-bins

F-17 to     F-18

ANNEX G

Tavis Transducer Specifications and Test Results

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20G%2010%20September%202013.pdf

G-1 to G-13

 

ANNEX H

Calibration Effort for the Mars Pathfinder Tavis Pressure Transducer and IMP Windsock Experiment

http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20H%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

H-1 to H-43

ANNEX I

Pressures Reported by the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS).

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20I%209%20September%202013.pdf

I-1 to I-28

Appendix 1

Print Screen Record of Original REMS Team and Ashima Research MSL Weather Reports

I-12 to I-28

ANNEX J

Concessions by Ashima Research and How to Correctly Calculate Daylight Hours for MSL

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20J%20%209%20September%202013.pdf

J- 1to J-19

ANNEX K

REMS Team and Ashima Research Weather Reports from Sol 15 to Sol 299.

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%2010%20SEP%202013.pdf

K-1 to K-34

ANNEX L

How Martian Day Length  Varies with Ls and Latitude

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20L%20July%2014%202014.pdf

L-1 to L-10

ANNEX M

One Year of MSL Weather Reports http://marscorrect.com/Annex%20M%20JULY%2014%202014.pdf

M-1 to M-38

ANNEX N

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 151 to Ls 270 (late winter to end of spring), Sols 670 to 864  http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20N.pdf

N-1 to N-13

ANNEX O

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 270 to Ls 0  (summer), Sols 865 to 1,020 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20O.pdf

O-1 to O-11

ANNEX P

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 Ls 0 to Ls 90  (autumn), Sols 1019 to 1,213 http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20P.pdf

P-1 to P-15

ANNEX Q

Weather Reports for MSL Year 2 to 3 Winter, Ls 90 to Ls 180 (Sols 1,213 to 1,392) http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20Q.pdf

Q-1 to Q-18

ANNEX R

Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Spring, Ls 180 to Ls 270 (Sols 1,392 to 1,534

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20R%20REVISED.pdf

R-1 to R-37

ANNEX S

Two Martian Years of MSL High Air and Ground Temperatures

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20S.pdf

S-1 to S41

ANNEX T

Two Martian Years of MSL Low Air and Ground Temperatures

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20T%20TO.pdf

T-1 to T-64

ANNEX U

Comparison of Ultraviolet Radiation and Pressures at Gale Crater, Mars for MSL Years 1, 2 and 3

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20U.pdf

U-1 to U-44

ANNEX V

Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Summer, Ls 270 to Ls 0 (Sols 1,534 to 1,686

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20V.pdf

V-1 to V-28

 

 

 

ANNEX W

Weather Reports for MSL Year 3 Fall, Ls 270 to Ls 0 (Sols 1,687 to 1,881

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20W.pdf

 

W -1 to W-24

ANNEX X

Weather Reports for MSL Year 3-4 Winter, Ls 90 to 180 (Sols 1,881to 2060

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20X.pdf

X-1 to X-31

ANNEX Y

Weather Reports for MSL Year 4 Spring, 180 to 270  (Sols to 2060 to 2204) http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20Y.pdf

 

Y-1 to

Y-19

ANNEX Z

Weather Reports for MSL Year 4 Summer, 270 to 0  (Sols to 2203 to 2357) http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20Z.pdf

 

Z-1 to Z-19

ANNEX AA

Weather Reports for MSL Year 4 Fall, Ls 0 to 90 (Sols 2357 to 2550) http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20AA.pdf

 

AA-1 to AA-21

ANNEX BB

Weather Reports for MSL Year 4-5 Winter, Ls 90 to 180 (Sols 2,550 to 2728

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20BB.pdf

BB-1 to BB-26

ANNEX CC

Weather Reports for MSL Year 5 Spring, Ls 180 to 270 (Sols 2729 to 2871)

http://marscorrect.com/ANNEX%20CC.pdf

CC-1 to CC-16

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX A

 

FIGURE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Martian Time-Bin Clock

A-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX F

FIGURE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Prediction success totals per time-bin.

F-1

2

% Differences between measured & predicted pressures as a function of time

F-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX G

FIGURE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Tavis pressure sensors tested according to the Alvin Seiff papers

G-1

2

Tavis Viking CAD Diagram 10011

G-2

3

NASA Report No. TM X-74020 (Mitchell Report: Tavis Transducer Tests)

G-3

4

Photo of the Tavis P-4 pressure sensor

G-4

5

Transducer Selection Slide by Professor James E. Tillman

G-6

6

Tavis Pathfinder CAD Diagram 10484

G-7

7

Design diagrams for Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 and P-8)

G-8

 

8

P-4 Transducers (S/N 1583 and S/N 1591) used for test of Viking pressures sensors after the launch of the two Vikings.

G-9

9

Relative sizes of dust filters used for Tavis and Vaisala transducers.

G-9

10

Table of Characteristics of Tavis transducers (Models P-1, P-2, P-4, P-5, P-6, P-7 & P-8)

G-10

11

Tavis Transducer purchasing information

G-11

12

Temperature Malfunction During (Viking) Cruise Environment

G-13

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX I

FIGURE

TOPIC

PAGE

1

Pressure data for MSL Sols 10.5 to 13

I-1

2

MSL temperature data for Sols 10 to 11.5

I-1

3A

REMS Team and Ashima Research coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how Ashima was forced to alter their reports on May 11, 2013.

I-2

3B

REMS Team coverage of weather at MSL back in August, 2012, and how their data was revised again on July 3, 2013.

I-3

4

REMS Weather Booms on MSL

I-5

5

Close up of MSL Weather Booms

I-5

6a to 6d

Temperature and pressure were inversely related for the MSL

I-8

7

Combined VL-1, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL Pressure Curves to MSL at Ls 10

I-9

8

MSL pressure graph Ls 158.8 to 199.9

I-10

6

REMS team and Ashima Research reporting problems

I-12

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX J

 

1

Position of Mars at the start of each of its 12 months.

J-4

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX L

 

1

Changing Martian weather data from the REMS Team.

L-2

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX M

 

1

Pressure changes reported for Sol 370.

M-7

2

Pressure changes for Sols 29 and 30

M-38

3

Who is ordering REMS reports temperature changes?

M-40

4

Weather sensors on MSL Curiosity

M-41

5

VL1-, VL-2, Phoenix and MSL pressure curves

M-43

 

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX N

 

1

MSL pressure data up through its Sol 866, Ls 270 – start of the second summer at MSL

N-2

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX O

 

1

MSL pressure data up to Ls 270, start of the second summer

O-1

2

MSL Sol 880 data changes after we highlighted problems

O-9

3

MSL Sol 1006 data changes after we highlighted problems

O-10

4

Mistakes and significant data alterations early on cast real doubt on the accuracy or honesty of MSL weather data.   

O-11

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX P

 

1

JPL makes changes to Sol 1,119 data that we predicted

P-12

2

MSL Sol 1145 data changes after we highlighted problems

P-13

3

MSL Sol 1160 and 1161 pressures that are record highs and above the 1,150 Pa limit of the Vaisala pressure sensor

P-14

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX S

 

1

Range of high air and ground temperatures through MSL Years 1 and 2.

S-1

2

REMS weather reports published for MSL Sols 1234 to 1241. Note all the ground temperature highs above 0 degrees Celsius and the incredibly low ground temperature at night – down to -100 degrees Celsius on Sol 1241.

S-2

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX U

 

1

UV at MSL in Gale Crater, Mars up through its sol 1021 and the beginning of its second autumn on Mars. The REMS Team/JPL dropped all low values by February, 2016

U-2

2A

The color for UV used on REMS reports.

 

U-20

2B

Dose rate at MSL in micrograys per day related to UV levels published on the REMS reports (see Table 2) for ~300 sols

 

U-20

3A to 3F

Relative positions of Mars and Earth when Low Ultraviolet radiations was originally reported by REMS on Mars.

U-23

4

Stratus clouds seen 1 hours 40 minutes before sunrise at Mars Pathfinder. If the atmosphere there is as thin as NASA claims it is doubtful that there would be light so far before sunrise.

U-24

5

Opportunity turned its rover eyes skyward to observe clouds drifting overhead that look like cirrus clouds on Earth.

 

U-26

6

Solar longitude (Ls) for Mars when MSL Curiosity originally measured very high UV or low UV. Again, after they read this article, they dropped all the low UV values.

U-27

7

UV, Latitude and Altitude

U-28

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX V

 

1

Sol 1553 to 1554 temperature and pressure anomalies and JPL fix after we highlighted the problem with Sol 1554 pressure and max temperatures.

V-23

2

REMS report for Sol 1575.

V-23

3

Figure 3 – The 35 Pa pressure drop and warm low temperatures on Sol 1605 was altered as predicted

V-24

4

Figure 4 – As predicted, odd data for Sol 1610 was altered – in this case totally deleted

V-25

5

Figure 5 – The ground temperature drop for Sol 1640 was not revised. This marked the beginning of strangely cold temperatures that went unchanged.

V-26

6

Figure 6 – Insane variation in night air to ground temperatures between MSL Sols 1643 and 1650

V-27

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX Z

 

1

Original and revised REMS data for MSL Sols 1998 to 2002.

Z-16

2

Sol 2264 weather data seems out of line due to radical changes in temperature, pressure, and UV.

Z-17

3

Puffballs or Hematite? These spheres were seen on Sol 2357.

Z-18

4

Trek map for MSL Curiosity with note on when spheres were seen.

Z-19

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX CC

 

1

Weather data revised for Weather data revised for Sol 2747.

CC-16

 

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX S

 

1

Usually Warm Ground Temperatures Early in the Winter of MSL Year 2

S-2

2

High air and ground temperatures for MSL Years 1 and 2.

S-4 to S-40

 

 

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN ANNEX Z

 

1

Original and revised REMS data for MSL Sols 1998 to 2002.

Z-16

2

Sol 2264 weather data seems out of line due to radical changes in temperature, pressure, and UV.

Z-17

3

Puffballs or Hematite? These spheres were seen on Sol 2357.

Z-18

4

Trek map for MSL Curiosity with note on when spheres were seen.

Z-19

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX U

 

1

UV values for MSL Years 1 and 2 before and after JPL dropped all low UV values

U-1

2

Solar Longitude, Pressures and Ultraviolet Radiation for MSL During its First Two Martian Years.

U-3 to

U-19

3

The relationships (if any) of solar longitude (Ls), lander altitude, lander latitude, day light hours each sol and UV recorded.

U-21

4

15 Sols with low ultraviolet radiation at Gale Crater Mars and the corresponding UV for these dates in Las Vegas, Nevada BEFORE the REMS Team and JPL dropped all low pressure data.

U-24

 

LIST OF TABLES IN ANNEX X

 

1

Before and after print-screens showing weather that NASA published for sols 2223 and 2228 that we challenged and got NASA to change.

X-29

2

Altitudes around minimum pressure for MSL Year 3

X-30

3

Sol 2043 revised UV

X-31

 

 

 

MarsCorrect Website Contents

NOTE: LINKS BELOW ARE OUT OF DATE AND IN NEED OF REPAIR.

HOT ON AUGUST 11, 2015: MSL YEAR 1 MARS WEATHER DATA AND DATA REVISIONS

SECTIONS

FULL NAME OF SECTION

Description of the Section

Basic Report 1

Mars Correct Basic Report Abstract and Section 1

Abstract, Introduction, and Martian Dust Devils

Report Sec.2-2.1

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 2 to 2.1

Overview of Instrumentation Problems

Report Sec.2.2-2.4

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 2.2 to 2.4

Mars Pathfinder (MPF) and Phoenix Pressure Issues. Finnish Meteorological Institute Issues.

Report 2.5 to 2.6

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 2.5 to 2.6

MSL Pressure Sensor Pegs Out at Sol 370, and the Viking Dust filter. Sols 1160 and 1161 have pressures greater than transducer capability to record.

Report 2.6.1-2.7

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 2.6 to 2.7

Viking Pressure Reports & Digitization, Consistent Daily Pressure Spikes, MSL Weather Reporting Fiasco

Report 3-4.1.2

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 3 to 4.1.2

Caves & Spiral storms on Arsia Mons; Snow, Water Ice & Carbon Dioxide; Ls of Minimum Pressure and Maximum Pressure

Report 4.1.2 to 6

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 4.1.2 to 6

Ls of Minimum Pressure and Maximum Pressure (continued), Radio Occultation and Spectroscopy

Report 7-7.2.1

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 7 to 7.2.1

Martian Wind Problems, Anemometers/Telltales, & Sand Movements

Report 8-9

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 8 to 9

Downrange Landings; Dust Opacity and Pressure

Report 10-11

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 10 to 11

Excessive Deceleration During Aerobraking Operations and Mars Pathfinder Issues

Report 12-12.2

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 12 to 12.2

Potential Pressure on Mars, Methane, and Sky Color

Report 12.3-4

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 12.3 to 12.4

Recurring Slope Lineae, Prechlorates, and Running Water on Mars, High end of pressure on Mars

Report 13-14.1

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 13 to 14.1

Relative Humidity and Temperature Measurement Concerns, Ground temperature problems

Report 15 to 18

Mars Correct Basic Report Sections 14.1 to 18

Conclusions, Recommendations, Acknowledgements, and Afterword – What difference could all this possibly make?

Report 19

Mars Correct Basic Report References

References

Annex Links

 

Mars Correct: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Annexes (With Links) And Appendices

Report figure & table links

 

Mars Correct: Critique Of All NASA Mars Weather Data, With Emphasis On Pressure: Links To Figures and Tables In The Basic Report