Climbing Mt. Sharp, Mars With a Faulty Vaisala Pressure Sensor

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The Achilles' heel of Government disinformation about space is found with erroneous weather data from Mars, and it's predictable. THE ABSURD PRESSURE INCREASE ON FIGURE 4 AMOUNTS TO AN ADMISSION BY NASA THAT THEIR STATED PRESSURES ARE MANUFACTURED B.S., HOWEVER THEY ALTERED THEIR DATA AFTER WE POINTED OUT THE ERROR. Updated on 3/29/2018.

       This article correlates Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Curiosity pressures claimed for Mount Sharp with altitude in meters below areoid, the Martian equivalent of sea level. The data was originally published by the Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS) Team, who work for JPL and NASA. Since this article is being placed on my ArkCode site, before analyzing the weather data let's take a quick look at how the Vaisala pressure sensor problem is encoded in Torah. On Figure 1 the axis term is DATA (information) ERROR. Touching it in a 110-letter box is VAISALA. A short transliteration of SHARP is at skip +1 on the full 330-letter matrix. There are 3 and 4-letter transliterations of MARS that share a letter mem.  Threre is also an ELS of CURIOUS. The full matrix was found against of about 7,986 to 1.  VAISALA was in a 110-letter box with DATA ERROR against odds of about 48 to 1. Now let's move on to the more serious actual weather data - and why it's likely faked.

A NOTE TO REGULAR ARKCODE.COM READERS ABOUT WHY THIS MARS-RELATED ARTICLE IS BEING PUBLISHED HERE.     

       The REMS Team has not done a proper job of putting weather data out, and may in fact be in rebellion to NASA. Until March 20, 2017 when the REMS Team published ludicrous data they generally went back and revised it - often after reading the critiques found in links from Table 1 below. We often see members of the REMS Team and their supervisors on our sites. But after March 20, 2017 the ground temperature lows became insanely cold and were not matched by very cold air temperature lows. The REMS Team ceased making changes, leaving us to guess as to what was going on. We explain this further at our article entitled HAYWIRE GROUND TEMPERATURES IN SUMMER OF MSL YEAR 3.

       The REMS Team and NASA have come to our MarsCorrect.com and Davidaroffman.com sites many times each week for years to both check on how their results are being received, and at times to see where they need to alter those results in an effort to draw less criticism. They even withdrew all their (never changing) wind data after we contacted JPL’s public relations man Guy Webster and they altered their Gale Crater Mars sunrise and sunset times to match my son David's calculations. The Finnish Meteorological Institute, which created the Vaisala pressure sensor, was here again via IP address 193.166.223.5 reading about our critique of their sensor as recently as March 23, 2018.

       The data base that we have created is superior to that put out by NASA because we show not just what they have claimed, but how they altered their data, in many cases in accordance with our nagging. We prove what we claim in many cases by publishing before and after print-screens that show what they first put out and how they altered it after reading our spreadsheets documenting their claims and our indications of anomalies in pressure and temperature.

       Note: While I do not keep records for average readers, those who come here from Governments around the world are logged in with IP addresses, etc. recorded. Why? Quite simple. The U.S. Government is not publishing the truth about Martian weather. Whenever I tell someone this the immediate first question is, "Why would they lie?" It's the right question, but it has an unpleasant answer. They are covering up evidence of life on Mars (at least in the past) that gives credence to UFOs which are discussed in detail along with supporting evidence in my Roswell article. It turns out that while the Government does a great job in covering up what happened in Roswell in 1947. The Achilles' heel of Government lies about space is found with the obviously faked weather data from Mars. There is a trail that the Establishment doen't want us to follow. It starts with fake weather on Mars, proceeds to the UFO cover-up and then likely moves on to Establishment politicians who (a) know the truth and (b) profit from what they know. For those readers who don't want to move beyond Torah Codes because there is some mental work required, thanks for visiting this article this far. There is an old saying, "No pain, no gain." But for those readers who can take the pain (largely honest, mid-level DoD plus General Mark A. Milley (U.S. Army Chief of Staff) and NASA personnel and foreign space agencies tired of crashing on Mars because they believed NASA's weather data, this article is especially for you.

MAKING THE CASE FOR FRAUD BASED ON NASA-PUBLISHED MSL WEATHER DATA.

       Our spreadsheets with before and after print-screens where appropriate are found in the links on Table 1. Sols are Martian days since the MSL landed on August 5 to 6, 2012. Solar longitude refers to where Mars is on its orbit around the sun.

TABLE 1 - WEATHER REPORTS ISSUED BY THE REMS TEAM AND OUR ANALYSIS OF THEM:

MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY DAILY WEATHER REPORTS

MARS SCIENCE LAB SOLS and  LINKS

SOLAR LONGITUDE (Ls)

SEASONS

1-669

 150 to 150

4 SEASONS

670 to 866

151 to 270

WINTER TO SUMMER YEAR 2

865 to 1,020

 270 to 0 (360)

SUMMER YEAR 2

1,019 to 1,213

 0 to 90

FALL YEAR 2

1,213 to 1,392

 90 to 180

WINTER YEAR 2-3

1,392 to 1,534

180 to 270

SPRING YEAR 3

1,534 to 1687

270 to 0 (360)

SUMMER YEAR 3

1688 to 1881

0 to 90

FALL YEAR 3

1881 and onward

 90 to 180

WINTER YEAR 3-4

COMPARISONS BETWEEN MSL YEAR 1 AND MSL YEAR 2 DATA FOR THE SAME LS
Pressure and Ultraviolet Radiation    
High Air and Ground Temperatures for MSL  

Note 1: Ground temperature sensor is only accurate to 10K.

Note 2 dated February 5, 2016: There are unexpected ground temperatures at or above freezing for almost every sol for 3 weeks after the start of MSL Year 2's winter.

Low Air and Ground Temperatures for MSL    
Diurnal Air Temperature Variation at MSL    

       Before going any further it should be noted that we have seen the numbering of MSL years is not always the same as what we refer to in the above charts. We label the first year of MSL on Mars as Year 1, but in at least one article we have seen it was referred to as Year 0. However we all agree on the Martian sols (days). On our charts Year 1 began at landing. It lasted 669 sols (until June 24, 2014). Year 2 then began, ending on Sol 1,338 on May 11, 2016.  As I write this article MSL, in the southern hemisphere of Mars, is in its winter season. We have at least 1,999 sols of data minus some critical data for the first 10 sols, and for a few other periods of time. 

        A word about units. On Earth the average pressure at sea level is 1,013.25 millibars or 1,013.25 hectopascals (hPa). There are 100 pascals (Pa) in a hectopascal, so average pressure on Earth is 101,325 Pa. NASA has traditionally claimed that average pressure on Mars is 610 Pa.

        The first look at data comparing some Year 3 and Year 2 is given here as Table 2. Note the small amount of variation in pressure differences then. There are 14 sols shown for each year segment. Six of them show pressure differences of 11 pascals (Pa) from one year to the next. The average pressure difference was 11.57 Pa. The smallest difference was 10 Pa and the largest difference was 13. However, as is shown later in Table 6, as Curiosity approached Sol 2,000 pressure differences published were generally around 17 to 20 Pa from the previous year. This was extremely close to what was expected based on altitude differences and scale height calculations. In fact, it appeared to be too close to what was expected.

TABLE 2 : Pressure and altitudes for MSL Years 2 and 3 between Ls 11 and 19:

       Altitudes were derived from a JPL site that can be found by searching for Where Is Curiosity Now? The site at https://mars.nasa.gov/msl/mission/whereistherovernow/ is not as complete as we would like, but there are often 2 meter altitude curves that can be used for interpolation/approximation of altitude. Where we present altitude data, that’s where we found it. During Year 2 for this period between Ls 11 and Ls 18 altitude didn't change by more than a meter - floating between 4,447 and 4,446 meters below areoid. But for Year 3 there was an increase in altitude from about 4,266 to 4,251 meters below areoid. So the Year 3 segment shown started about 181 meters higher than Year 2, and finished about 195 meters higher. Knowing this we can ask, in accordance with scale height calculations, Is it reasonable to have pressures in Year 3 about 11 Pa lower than they were at a lower altitude in Year 2?

       In looking at whether the data is reasonable, or apparently fudged as often seemed to be the case with REMS until about March 20, 2017 (when the REMS Team, aware of our critiques, seemed to go into a rebellion mode) we will want to look at variations in pressure using a scale height calculation to see if the approximately 9 Pa pressure differences each year line up with these pressure differences. More important, we will look at the 11 Pa difference between Year 2 Ls 11 and Year 3 Ls 11.

       During Year 2 the pressure slowly climbed from 859 Pa to 867 Pa (actually reaching 868 Pa the sol before the end point on Sol 1,057). So the rise during this part of MSL Year 2 was about 8 to 9 Pa. Note that the pressure rose rather than fell but the altitude didn't really change by more than a meter from sols 1,041 to 1,056. 

       For Year 3 the pressure rose again, this time (sols 1,711 to 1,725) from 848 Pa to 855 Pa (actually reaching 857 Pa the sol before the end point on Sol 1,726). So that’s a rise of about 7 to 9 Pa for Year 3 – quite similar to what was seen for Year 2 but here the rover is clearly climbing to where average air pressure should be lower if we do not consider seasonal changes.

       In MSL Year 1 for this period pressures ran from about 866 Pa up to 875 Pa. Again, that’s an increase of 9 Pa between sols 374 and 389, but I have not yet been able to find altitude contour maps from that period, so I can't yet definitively comment on how altitude and pressure were, if at all, linked for those sols. However a JPL image shows the rover locations from landing through this period, and it doesn't look like it was more than from about 910 to 1,300 meters from the landing site (about 4,500 meters below areoid).    

      The expected pressures for altitudes 4,500 meters/4.5 km (Year 1), 4,447 meters/4.447 km (Year 2) and 4,266/4.266 km to 4,251meters/4.251 km below areoid (Year 3) are given on Tables 3A (for a scale height of 10.8 km) and Table 3B (for a scale height of 11.1 km).   On both Tables column K provides a ballpark estimate for how to account for the fact that pressures given are for Ls 11 which is not when maximum pressure occurs.  Under Column L highlighted in white numbers with a red background is the amount of pressure drop at Ls 11 from Year 2 to Year 3.

        A scale height is a distance over which a quantity decreases by a factor of e (approximately 2.72, the base of natural logarithms). It is usually denoted by the capital letter H. Scale height for Earth is 8.5 km. For Mars some sources use 10.8 km (as in The Martian Climate Revisited) while others use 11.1 km.  For comparison purposes Table 3A uses 10.8 km, while Table 3B uses 11.1 km.

            TABLE 3A - PRESSURE CALCULATIONS FOR ALTITUDES DISCUSSED ABOVE USING A SCALE HEIGHT OF 10.8 KM

A

B C D E F G H I J K L
KILOMETERS 10.8 km Scale  RATIO A/B =-EXP(C value) 1/D value PRESSURE PRESSURE IN PREDICTED INITIAL PREDICTED TIME & LS ADJUSTMENT FINAL PREDICTED
  Height (MARS)       MARS BARS MBAR PRESSURE  DROP IN PRESSURE   FOR NOT BEING DROP IN PRESSURE
              IN PA IN PA FROM YEAR 1
  AT MAX PRESSURE LS IN PA FROM 
                LS 11 & PREVIOUS ROW
  859/925.307 = .9283405 YEAR 1 LS 11
MEAN AREOID             0 10.8 0 -1 -1 1 6.1 610     566.287705  
-4.5 10.8 -0.416666667 -0.65924063 -1.516896796 1.516896796 9.253070458 925.3070458 N/A YEAR 1 LS 11 859.0000055 N/A
-4.447 10.8 -0.411759259 -0.662483744 -1.509471001 1.509471001 9.207773109 920.7773109 4.529734933 YEAR 2 LS 11 854.7948692 4.205136392
-4.266 10.8 -0.395 -0.673680039 -1.484384191 1.484384191 9.054743565 905.4743565

19.83268934

(15.30295 from

Year 2 Ls 11)

YEAR 3 LS 11 840.5885168 14.20635234
-4.251 10.8 -0.393611111 -0.674616356 -1.482323977 1.482323977 9.042176261 904.2176261

21.08941968

(1.2567304 from

Year 2 Ls 11)

YEAR 3 LS 18 839.4218431 1.166673674
                       
            TABLE 3B - PRESSURE CALCULATIONS FOR ALTITUDES DISCUSSED ABOVE USING A SCALE HEIGHT OF 11.1 KM
KILOMETERS 11.1 km Scale  RATIO A/B =-EXP(C value) 1/D value PRESSURE PRESSURE IN PREDICTED INITIAL PREDICTED TIME & LS ADJUSTMENT FINAL PREDICTED
  Height (MARS)       MARS BARS MBAR PRESSURE DROP IN PRESSURE   FOR NOT BEING DROP IN PRESSURE
              IN PA IN PA FROM YEAR 1
  AT MAX PRESSURE LS IN PA FROM 
                YEAR 1 & PREVIOUS ROW
  859/925.307 = .9283405 YEAR 1 LS 11
MEAN AREOID             0 11.1 0 -1 -1 1 6.1 610     566.287705  
-4.5 11.1 -0.405405405 -0.66670647 -1.499910449 1.499910449 9.149453737 914.9453737 N/A YEAR 1 LS 11 849.3808457 N/A
-4.447 11.1 -0.400630631 -0.669897455 -1.492765785 1.492765785 9.105871287 910.5871287 4.358244991 YEAR 2 LS 11 845.3349103 4.045935334
-4.266 11.1 -0.384324324 -0.680910556 -1.468621674 1.468621674 8.958592213 895.8592213

19.08615241

(14.72707419 from

Year 2 Ls 11)

YEAR 3 LS 11 831.6623974 13.67251293
-4.251 11.1 -0.382972973 -0.681831327 -1.466638391 1.466638391 8.946494183 894.6494183

20.29595536

(1.20980295 from

Year 2 Ls 11)

YEAR 3 LS 18 830.5392883 1.123109076

FIGURE 2 - CAD for Mars Pathfinder showing the order of two very different pressure transducers for the mission.

       What’s immediately noticeable about Tables 3A and 3B is that the pressure calculated for the landing site altitude matches the maximum pressure (925 Pa) that NASA/JPL/The REMS Team permitted the public to see after they altered the data - in large part in response to higher pressures that they first published which were challenged by us. Table 4 lists some of the changes.

TABLE 4 – Pressures revised by JPL/REMS after we highlighted them or published them in earlier version of our Report

Date

MSL Sol

Ls

Initial Pressure Reported

Pressure for the previous sol

Final Pressure Reported after JPL Revisions

Aug 25, 2012

19

160.4

785 Pa

 

719 Pa– then changed to N/A

Aug 27, 2012

21

161.4

790 Pa

N/A

741 Pa

Sept 1 to Sept

5, 2012

26

164

 742 to 747 hPa

74200 to 74700 (Pa)

743 Pa

745, 743, 745, 747 and 747 Pa

Sep 12, 2012 (This date later changed to 9/11/2012)

36

169.5

799 Pa

749 Pa

750 Pa

Sep 16, 2012

(date later altered)

39

172.3

804 Pa

750 Pa

753 Pa - then changed to 751 Pa 

 

Oct 3, 2012

Series alteration starts here and goes to 10/12/2012

57

181

779 Pa

770 Pa

769 – Pa. Note the steady progression without reversals that were seen between 10/3/2012 and 10/12/2012 in initial results. This series looks very fudged.

Oct 4, 2012

58

182

779 Pa

 

769 Pa

Oct 5, 2012

59

183

781 Pa

 

771 Pa

Oct 6, 2012

60

183

785 Pa

 

772 Pa

Oct 7, 2012

61

184

779 Pa

 

772 Pa

Oct 8, 2012

62

184

782 Pa

 

774 Pa

Oct 9, 2012

63

185

786 Pa

 

775 Pa

Oct 10, 2012

64

186

785 Pa

 

776 Pa

Oct 11, 2012

65

186

785 Pa

 

777 Pa

Oct 12, 2012

66

187

781 Pa

 

778 Pa

Nov 11, 2012

95

204

815.53 Pa

822.43 Pa

822 Pa

Dec 8, 2012

121

221

865.4 Pa

867.5 Pa

869

Feb 19, 2013

192

267

940 Pa – a high until now. Pressures had been declining since a high of 925 Pa in late January 2013.

921

N/A

Feb 22, 2013

195

269

886 Pa – quite a large drop

Last 2 reports were 940 Pa on Feb 19 and 921

Pa on Feb 18, 2012

N/A

Feb 27, 2013

200

272

937 Pa

917 Pa

N/A

May 2, 2013

262

311

900 Pa

868.05 Pa

N/A

Aug 21, 2013

370

9

1,149 Pa

865 Pa

865 Pa

Aug 27, 2014

731

185

754 Pa

771 Pa

771 Pa

Oct 11, 2014

775

211

823 Pa

838 Pa

838 Pa

April 16, 2015

957

326

823 Pa

N/A  - next sol 848 Pa

N/A

Nov 10, 2015

1160

66

1177 Pa

898 Pa

899 Pa

Nov 12, 2015

1161

66

1200 Pa

899 Pa (revised)

898 Pa

April 2, 2016

1300

131

945 Pa

753 Pa

752 Pa

April 3, 2016

1301

131

1154 Pa

753 Pa (2 sols earlier, 751 Pa on Sol 1302

752 Pa

Oct 17, 2016

1492

242

921 Pa

906 Pa

910 Pa

Oct 23, 2016

1498

242

897 Pa

909 Pa

907 Pa

Oct 27, 2016

1502

249

928 Pa

903 Pa

907 Pa

Jan 10, 2017

1575

296

860 Pa

868  Pa

871 Pa

Feb 10, 2017

1605

314

815 Pa

850 Pa

846 Pa

March 24, 2018

2001

147

913 Pa

717 Pa 716 Pa 

March 25, 2018

2002

148

1167 Pa

913 Pa 715 Pa

             Table 4 shows some of how JPL/REMS altered pressures off the expected curve for August and September 2012 and August 2013 and on through at least March 25, 2018 after we either brought the deviations up to JPL Public Relations Director Guy Webster, or published on our data on davidaroffman.com and marscorrect.com websites. Those pressures that were originally above 925 Pa are shown with a yellow shading. The significance of Table 4 is that it lets us know that there is an agenda to keep pressure reported for MSL either at or below the 925 Pa indicated by the scale height calculation on Tables 3A and 3B.

       As can be seen from Figure 3, a maximum pressure of 925 Pa was seen in MSL Year 1 at Ls 252 and 253 (Sols 170 &171). In MSL Year 2 this same pressure was attained at Ls 257 (Sol 846). If, for the moment, we overlook the 925 pressure maximum allowed by JPL or whoever is behind the data alteration, then it should be noted that Table 2 only deals with pressures produced in MSL Year 3 between Ls 11 and 19.  At Ls 11 in Year 1 the pressure given by the REMS Team was 866 Pa. This is about 92.83405% of the maximum pressure of 925 Pa (actually, 925.307 Pa)  Now let's use that figure to look at what happened from Ls 11 in Year 2 to Ls 11 in Year 3. There was an increase in altitude of 181 meters and a decrease in predicted pressure of about 15.30295 Pa (Table 3A, cell H8-H9), but the actual decrease in pressure was only 11 Pa. However, if the proportional idea is correct and we take 92.83405% of the predicted drop of 15.30395 Pa, then we revise it to a predicted pressure drop of 14.206 Pa. That's quite close to the 11 Pa supposedly measured (5 sols later there was a 13 Pa decrease from Year 2). The predicted and measured differences are clearly in the same ball park, but does this mean that NASA is correct - or does it mean that the data was manufactured by someone who knew how to calculate scale height?

        Now, let's dig a little deeper here. While modern textbooks like The Martian Climate Revisited use a scale height of 10.8, old sources use 11.1 and this figure is on the NASA webs site visited. The information looks old, mentioning Viking 1 and none of the landers since then in 1976. What happens if we assume that someone was tasked with predicting, i.e., manufacturing pressures for MSL based on the altitude change from MSL Year 2 to Year 3? Then the predicted pressure decrease (with Ls11 factored in) becomes only 13.67 Pa! A Pascal is only a hundredth of a millibar. We see that on 4 sols between Ls 11 and Ls 18 the actual pressure drop from Year 2 to Year 3 was 13 Pa.

       Given that NASA only sent a pressure transducer that could measure up to 1150 Pa, and that, as Table 4 shows, they often reported pressures above 925 Pa, and even above 1150 Pa only to revise them down when we challenged them, there is again reason to question the reliability of the data reported. NASA has often come to our site to view the CAD for the pressure transducer used on Mars Pathfinder. This CAD, shown again as Figure 2, is often visited by other space agencies too. What it shows is that two transducers were ordered by NASA for Pathfinder. One of them (Tavis - 2) was for the expected pressure range of 0 to 12 mbar (1200 Pa/0.174 PSIA). But the other transducer (Tavis -1) was designed to measure up to 1,034 mbar (103,400 Pa/15 PSIA). That's higher air pressure than is found at sea level on Earth.  

       While we hope our audit of NASA data will lead to organizational reform rather than any kind of legal action, if it ever does go legal then the first thing we would subpoena is documentation for what happened to that sensor on Figure 2. Did it really stay back on Earth, or was it secretly flown to Mars? Whereas Martian weather simply does not match the low pressures advocated by NASA, and especially because NASA has for a long time visited our web sites daily, we are confident that a full investigation will reveal that are we are again quite right, and that it's time for a new announcement from NASA indicating what the true pressure is there. See Annex G of our report entitled Mars Correct: Critique of All NASA Mars Weather Data for further details about the Tavis transducers ordered by NASA.

FIGURE 3 - Pressure curve for MSL Year 1 and beyond to LS 270.

 


TABLE 5 –

Pressures at Ls 90 and minimum pressures seen by

VL-1,  VL-2 and MSL

Lander

Year

Mbar pressure at Ls 90

Mbar Minimum

Pressure

Ls

of

Min.

VL-1

1

N/A

(7.51 at Ls 97)

6.51

150.156

VL-2

1

N/A (7.72 at Ls 118)

7.29

145

VL-2

2

N/A (8.06 at Ls 100)

7.27

148.48 and 

155.393

MSL

1

(June 13, 2014)

8.56

*7.30 on Sol 1 changed to N/A. Then 7.32 on Sol 664

150 changed to N/A. Then Ls 147.

MSL

2 (May 7 to 9, 2016)

8.50

7.32 on Sols 1334, 1335 and 1336.

Ls 148 to 149

MSL Predicted

Year 3

3 (March 25, 2018

8.32

7.11 to 7.13 on Sol 2002

Ls 148 to 149

MSL Actual

Year 3

TBD

TBD

TBD

TBD

 

Average Ls of minimum

 

149.088

 

Table 5: *Originally JPL published a pressure of 7.05 mbar for Sol 1 at Ls 150, and 7.18 mbar for Sol 9 at Ls 155, however they later changed these pressures to N/A. VL- 1 and VL-2 data from http://www-k12.atmos.washington.edu/k12/resources/mars_data-information/data.html.

Table 6 was taken from my MarsCorrect site on March 22, 2018. It shows that on February 28, 2018 we predicted that for the current Martian year minimum pressure would be reached at about 711 to 713 Pa around Ls 148 on March 25, 2018 (MSL Sol 2002). The Table indicates that the pressure at Curiosity had dropped (from 727 Pa at Ls 136 on February 28, 2018) to 716 Pa at Ls 146 on March 21, 2008.

FiGURE 4 - The sudden increase in pressure over 4 sols from 716 Pa to 1167 Pa on the day that we predicted a minimum annual pressure seemed like an obvious indication that the REMS team is conceding that their data is manufactured bullshit. The previous (unrevised) record pressure over 2001 sols of MSL on Mars was only 925 Pa. After NASA saw our mocking cartoon of pressure on sols 2001 and 2002 they revised them down to 716 and 715 Pa. The pressure they now give for Sol 2002 is only 2 Pa (0.02 mbar) above where we thought it would be based a presumption that the climbing lander would go no lower, but in fact it did descend about 12 meters between when we made our prediction to Sol 2002 which was the date we predicted for minimum pressure.

USING SCALE HEIGHTS TO ESTIMATE THE MINIMUM PRESSURE AT CURIOSITY AS IT CLIMBS MOUNT SHARP.  Table 6 was taken from my MarsCorrect site on March 22, 2018. It shows that on February 28, 2018 we predicted that for the current Martian year minimum pressure would be reached at about 711 to 713 Pa around Ls 148 on March 25, 2018 (MSL Sol 2002). The Table indicates that the pressure at Curiosity had dropped (from 727 Pa at Ls 136 on February 28, 2018) to 715 Pa at Ls 148 on March 25, 2018. Announced pressures were running about 17 to 20 Pa less than the last Martian year due to an altitude increase as the lander climbs Mount Sharp. However we believe that the pressures offered by the REMS Team are false and that the real pressure is about 85 to 100 times higher. Our prediction of what the REMS Team has offered the public was based on how pressure should fall with scale height IF the average pressure on Mars is 610 Pa (6.1 mbar) at areiod. Columns A, B and C show the pressure for the current Martian year. Columns N and O show what the pressure was for the same solar longitude (Ls) in the previous Martian year, and how much the pressure has supposedly fallen since then. We offered the caveat: Over the last month Curiosity has not continued climbing, but has in fact has actually descended from -4,147 meters to about -4,159 meters. This may have caused a small impact on our prediction for the exact minimum pressure experienced by Curiosity this year. Note: the REMS Team had initially published a false pressure of 1,167 Pa for Sol 2,002, but corrected it after we published our mocking top half of Figure 1 below. The corrected Figures will be shown on the bottom half of Figure 1 below. If 715 Pa is in fact the minimum pressure then we picked correct day for the minimum pressure and missed the 2 Pa wide actual pressure by 2 Pa. That's accuracy within 0.02 mbar, really better because we made the prediction based on the assumption that Curiosity would not descend.

 

On Table 6 column subjects and color codings are as follows (Note: JPL calls the first year of MSL on Mars "Year 0," the second year Year 1, and the third year "Year 2"):

Column A (Sol). The Martian day is about 39 minutes longer than the terrestrial day.

Column B is solar longitude (Ls). MSL is in the Southern Hemisphere on Mars. The landing was at Ls 150 in winter. Ls 180 begins the spring there.  Ls 270 starts summer, Ls 0 starts the fall. Ls 90 starts the winter.

Column C shows the pressure reported by the REMS Team.

Column D shows the date on Earth.

Column E shows the maximum air temperature. With respect to the freezing point, from 0° C at 1 atm pressure it will increase up to 0.01° C at 0.006 atm (which is about the average pressure on Mars as given by NASA). This is the triple point of water. At pressures below this, water will never be liquid. It will change directly between solid and gas phase (sublimation). The temperature for this phase change, the sublimation point, will decrease as the pressure is further decreased

Column F shows minimum air temperature.

Column G shows the air temperature range for each sol. On Earth temperatures can vary by 40 °C in deserts. In column G where the range is 59 °C or less yellow background coloring points that out. The National Park Service claims the world record in a diurnal temperature variation is 102 °F (57 °C) (from 46 °F (8 °C) to −56 °F (−49 °C)) in Browning, Montana (elevation 4,377 feet/1,334 meters) on January 23 to 24, 1916. There were 2 days in Montana where the temperature changed by 57 °C.

Column H shows temperature range divided by 40. This allows us to compare terrestrial deserts with Gale Crater, Mars. How much cooling occurs at night is related to the density of the atmosphere. Here we see the ratio of cooling on a Mars sol to the typical 40 °C cooling figure for Earth's deserts shown with a green background when that ratio is under 1.5. For MSL Year 1 when we altered the devisor from 40 °C  to 57 °C then 88 of the ratios were altered to 1 or less than 1, meaning that Martian air pressure is indeed likely much higher than NASA claims.

Column I shows maximum ground temperature. As with terrestrial deserts, the ground on Mars heats more during the day than the air does, and it cools more at night than the air does. In Column K when the maximum ground temperature is given by REMS is above 0°C it is shown with a red background.

Column J shows the minimum ground temperature. When it is -90 °C or colder the background is in purple. The ground temperatures are not very precise. The requirement was to measure ground brightness temperature over the range from 150 to 300 K with a resolution of 2 K and an accuracy of 10 K

Column K. Drop in ground temperature from day to night.

Column L shows the increase in temperature from the mast 1.5 meters above the ground down to the ground during the daylight hours. In column N anytime there is an increase in temperature of 11 °C or more this in indicated with a dark blue background.

 

Column M shows the decrease in temperature from the ground to the air at nights. If the data were valid we would expect similar heating or cooling to occur over the set distance from ground to boom. A quick survey of the data immediately shows that this was not found. In column L we see a variation in heating between 0 °C and at least 15 °C with a 54 °C anomaly on Sol 1,070. For nighttime cooling any variation from 11°C to 19°C is shown with a medium blue background. More than that is shown with a dark blue background.

Column N shows the pressure for the same Ls in MSL Year 1.

Column O shows the absolute value of the change in pressure in Pascals from the same Ls in the previous year (Column [M] - [C]).

Column P shows the original pressure for the same Ls in MSL Year 1 before JPL revised their data.

Column Q shows the Ls during Year 1.

Column R shows the UV for the sol in Year 2.

Column S shows the UV for the sol in Year 1. All sols in MSL Year 1 and Year 2 have opacity listed as “sunny” which seems dubious.

Column T shows comments, if any.

 

 

 

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

 K

L M N O P Q R S T

SOL

~LS

PRESSURE Pa   

EARTH DATE

MAX AIR TEMP °C   

MIN AIR TEMP °C

AIR TEMP RANGE °C

AIR TEMP RANGE °C/40

MAX GROUND TEMP °C

MIN GROUND

TEMP °C

∆ GROUND TEMP DAY    TO NIGHT

DAYTIME CHANGE IN TEMP °C  AIR TO GROUND

NIGHTTIME CHANGE IN TEMP °C AIR TO GROUND

PRESSURE AT SAME LS IN MSL YEAR 2

∆ PRESSURE YEAR 3 TO YEAR 2 SAME LS 

~LS year 2

PRESSURE YEAR 1 BEFORE REVISION 

UV

YR

3 

UV

YR

2

MSL YEAR 2 SOL FOR THIS LS/

COMMENTS

           

YELLOW IF <60 °C

GREEN IF<1.5

RED IF

> 0 °C

PURPLE = >-90°C OR COLDER

YELLOW NUMBERS = -80 to -89 °C,

red background = -90°C or colder drop

BLUE = >10°C

PURPLE = >10°C

  YELLOW = 
> 7 Pa)
         
1881 90 832 11/20/2017 -29 -79 50 1.25 -8 -83 75 21 -4 851 -19 90 N/A M
 
M. Year 1 was M.  

1212 was a  last day of fall. 1881 is a first day of winter. This seasonal chart starts with a comparison of Sol 1213.

1882 90  831 11/21/2017  -31 -78 47 1.175 -7 -83  76 24 -5 850  -19  90  N/A  M   M. Year 1 was M.   (1214)
1883 91 830 11/22/2017  -28 -78  50  1.25 -8 -82 74 20 -4  848 -18 91 N/A  M  H. Year 1 was M.     (1215) 
1884 91 829 11/23/2017  -29 -79  50  1.25 -8  -83 75 21  -4    847 -18 91 N/A  M  M. Year 1 was H.     (1216)
1885 91 827 11/24/2017  -30 -79  49 1.225  -8  -83  75 22  -4    846  -19  92 N/A  M  M. Year 1 was H.    (1217) 
1886 92 826 11/25/2017  -27 -79  52 1.3 -8  -83   75 19 -4   845  -19  92 N/A  M   M. Year 1 was M.    (1218) 
1887 92 824 11/26/2017  -26 -79   53 1.325 -9 -83  74 17 -4  844 -20  93 N/A  M  M. Year 1 was M.     (1219)
1888 93 823 11/27/2017 -25 -79  54 1.35 -9 -86 77 16 -7  842 -19 93 N/A   H  M. Year 1 was H.    (1220) 
1889 93 822 11/29/2017 -28
-80 52 1.3 -7 -85 78 21   -4   847 -25 93  N/A   H  M. Year 1 was M.    (1221) 
1890 94 821 11/30/2017 -28 -79  51 1.275 -9 -85 76 19 -6 840 -19  94 N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.  (1222)  
1891 94 819 12/1/2017 -25 -80 55 1.375  -6 -86 80 19  -6  839 -20  94 N/A  H   M. Year 1 was M. (1223)  
1892 95 817 12/2/2017 -29 -81 52  1.3  -11 -84  73 18 -3 837 -20  95 N/A  M  M. Year 1 was M.  (1224)  
1893  95  816 12/3/2017  -25 -79  54 1.35  -10 -82  72  15  -3  836 -20   95  N/A  M  M. Year 1 was M.  (1225) 
1894 96 815 12/4/2017  -28  -79  51  1.275  -6  -83 77 22 -4 835 -20   96 N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.  (1226) 
1895 96 814 12/5/2017 -29 -78 49  1.225  -7 -87 80  22  -9 833 -19   96  N/A    H   M. Year 1 was M.  (1227) 
1896 96 812 12/6/2017 -23 -79  56 1.4 0 -87   87  23 -8 832 -20  97 N/A    H  M. Year 1 was H.  (1228) 
1897 97 811 12/7/2017 -27 -80 53 1.325  -1 -93 -92 26 -13 832  -21  97  N/A   H M. Year 1 was M.  (1229)
1899 97 810 12/8/2017  -27  -81 54 1.35   -1  -92 -91 26  -11 830 -20   98 N/A   H M. Year 1 was M.  (1230)
1899 98 808 12/9/2017 -23 -81  58 1.45   -1  -91 -90

22

 

-10 828 -20   98 N/A   H M. Year 1 was M.  (1231)
1900 98 807 12/10/2017 -25 -81 56 1.4  0 -89 -89   25  -8  828  -21  98  N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M  (1232) 
1901 9 806 12/11/2017 -28 -81 53 1.325   -1  -90 -89  27 -9 827 -21   99 N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M  (1233) 
1902 99 804 12/12/2017  -27  -79   52 1.3  -9 -83 -74 18  -4 824 -20   99  N/A  M  M. Year 1 was H.   (1234) 
1903 100 803 12/13/2017  -25  -78 53  1.325  -10 -82 -72 15 -4 824 -21  100  N/A  M  M. Year 1 was H.   (1235) 
1904 100 801 12/14/2017  -27 -79 52  1.3  -11 -83  -72 16 -4 822 -21 100  N/A  M  M. Year 1 was H.   (1236) 
1905 101 800 12/15/2017 -22 -80 58 1.45 -8 -82 -74 14 -2 820 -20   101  N/A  H M. Year 1 was H  (1237)
1906 101 799 12/16/2017 -23 -79 56 1.4  -7 -85 -78 16  -6 819 -20   101  N/A  M M. Year 1 was M   (1238)
1907 101 798 12/17/2017 -29 -79 50 1.25  -8 -85 -77 21 -6  818 -20   102 N/A  H M. Year 1 was M    (1239)
1908 102 796 12/18/2017 -28 -79 51 1.275   -7 -84 -77  21  -5 816 -20   102  N/A  H M. Year 1 was M    (1240)
1909 102 793 12/19/2017 -27 -80 53 1.325   -7 -88 -81 20 -8 816 -23 103 N/A  H M. Year 1 was M.   (1241)
1910 103 794 12/20/2017 -23 -80 57 1.425   -7 -85 -78 16 -5  815 -21  103  N/A  H M. Year 1 was M.   (1242) 
1911 103  792 12/21/2017  -22 -79  57  1.425  -9 -84 -75 13 -5   814 -22 104  N/A   M  M. Year 1 was H.     (1243)
1912 104 791 12/22/2017  -25 -80  55 1.375   -7  -82 -75  18 -2 812 -21 104  N/A   H  M. Year 1 was M.  (1244)
1913 104  791 12/23/2017  -27 -79  52 1.3  -7 -81 -74 20 -2 811 -20 105  N/A   H   M. Year 1 was M. (1245)
1914 105 790 12/24/2017  -21 -78  57  1.425  -7  -82 -75  14 -4  810 -20 105  N/A   H  M. Year 1 was M.  (1246)
1915  105 788 12/25/2017  -23 -78 55 1.375    -5 -82 -77 18 -4  809 -21 105  N/A   H  M. Year 1 was M.  (1247)
1916 106 787 12/26/2017  -22  -79  57  1.425    -6 -81 -75  16  -2  807 -20 106 N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.   (1248) 
1917 106 786 12/27/2017  -19 -80 61 1.525  -6 -80 -74 13 0 806 -20 106 N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.   (1249) 
1918 107 784 12/28/2017  -18 -77 59 1.475  -5 -83 -78 13  -6 804 -20  107  N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.   (1250) 
1919 107 783 12/29/2017  -26 -77  51 1.275  -5 -82  -77 21 -5 803 -20  107   N/A H M. Year 1 was M.    (1251)
1920 108 782 12/30/2017  -25 -77  52 1.3 -4 -81  -77 21 -4 802 -20  108 N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.    (1252)
1921 108  781 12/31/2017  -19 -78 59  1.475  -5 -81  -76 14 -3 800 -19 108 N/A  H M. Year 1 was M.   (1253)
1922 108  780 1/1/2018 -24 -79 55 1.375  -6 -82  -76 18 -3 799 -19 109  N/A H  M. Year 1 was M.   (1254) 
1923 109 778 1/2/2018 -23 -77 54 1.35   -2 -83 -81 21 -6 798 -20  109  N/A  M. Year 1 was M.   (1255) 
1924 109 777 1/3/2018 -21 -78 57 1.425  -2 -80 -78 19 -2 795 -18 110 N/A  M. Year 1 was M.   (1256) 
1925 110 777 1/5/2018 -19 -79 60 1.5 -1 -81 -80   198 -2  794 -17 110  N/A   M. Year 1 was M.  (1257) 
1926 110 775 1/6/2018  -24 -80 56 1.4  -2 -81  -79 22 -1 794  -19 111  N/A     M. Year 1 was M.  (1258) 
1927 111 774 1/7/2018  -24 -79  55 1.375   -1 -80 -79 23 -1  794 -20  111 N/A     M. Year 1 was M.  (1259) 
1928 111 773 1/8/2018 -24 -78 54 1.35   -2 -80 -78 22  -2  792 -19   112 N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M  (1260)
1929 112 771 1/9/2018 -26 -79 53 1.325   -5 -84 -79  21 -5  793 -22  112 N/A  H M. Year 1 was M   (1261)
1930 112 770 1/10/2018 -24 -79 55  1.375   -2 -83 -81 22 -4 790 -20  112  N/A   H M. Year 1 was M. 

(1262)

Elevation on Sol 1930 = 4,149 meters below areoid

1931 113 770 1/11/2018 -22 -79 57 1.425  -11 -82 -71 11 -3 788 -18 113  N/A  H   M. Year 1 was M. (1263) 
1932 113 768 1/12/2018 -24 -79  55   1.375  -12 -81 -69 12 -2 787 -19  113  N/A H M. Year 1 was M.  (1264) 
1933 114 767 1/13/2018 -23 -78 55   1.375  -12 -83 -71  11 -5 787  -20  114 N/A  H   M. Year 1 was M. (1265)
1934 114 766 1/14/2018 -21 -79 58 1.45 -11 -80  -69 10 -1 787  -21  114  N/A H M. Year 1 was H.  (1266) 
1935 115 765 1/15/2018 -21 -80 59 1.475  -11 -80 -69  10  0  786 -21  115 N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.  (1267) 
1936 115 764 1/16/2018 -20 -79 59  1.475   -11 -79 -68 9 0   784 -20   115  N/A   H  M. Year 1 was M.   (1268)
1937 116 763 1/17/2018 -22 -80 58  1.45  -10 -80 -70 12 0   782 -19 116 N/A   H  M. Year 1 was M.   (1269)
1938 116  762 1/18/2018  -24 -78 54 1.35 -12 -81 -69 12  -3  782  -20   116 N/A  H   M. Year 1 was M.   (1270) 
1939 116  760 1/19/2018  -20 -78    58   1.45  -3 -83 -80 17 -5 781 -21 117 N/A  H   M. Year 1 was M.   (1271) 
1940 117 759 1/20/2018  -19 -77 58  1.45  -2 -82 -80 17 -5 780  -21 117 N/A  H   M. Year 1 was H.   (1272) 
1941 117 758  1/21/2018 -20 -77 57 1.425   -2 -80 -78 18 -3  778 -20  118 N/A  H   M. Year 1 was M.   (1273) 
1942 118 757 1/22/2018 -27 -78 51 1.275  -1 -79 -78  26 -1  777 -20  118  N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.   (1274) 
1943 118 756 1/23/2018 -28 -78 50 1.25   -6 -87 -81 22 -9 775 -19  119  N/A H M. Year 1 was M.  (1275) 
1944 119 755 1/24/2018 -21 -80 59 1.475  -5 -86 -81 16 -6 774 -19  119  N/A  H L changed to M. Year 1 was M. 

(1276) 

Elevation on Sol 1944 = 4,147 meters below areoid

1945 119 751 1/25/2018 -22 -78 56 1.4   0 -89 -89 22 -11  774 -23 120  N/A M H. Year 1 was L changed to M.  (1277) 
1946 120 753 1/26/2018 -20 -79 59 1.475  -1 -89 -88 19 -10 778 -25 120   N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M. (1278) 
1947 120 751 1/27/2018 -19 -78 
59 1.475   -6 -86 -80 13 -8 772 -21 121 N/A   M  H. Year 1 was L changed to M.  (1279)  
1948 121 752 1/28/2018 -18 -78  60 1.5 -6 -84 -78 12 -6 771 -19 121 N/A   M  H. Year 1 was L changed to M.  (1280)  
1949 121 751 1/29/2018 -20 -78  58 1.45  1 -84  -85 21 -6  769 -18 122 N/A   M  H. Year 1 was L changed to M.  (1281)  
1950 122 750 1/30/2018 -15 -79  64 1.6 -5 -84 -79 10 -5  768 -18  122  N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.  (1282)  
1951 122 749 1/31/2018 -23 -77 54 1.35 -4 -84 -80 19 -7 768 -19 123 N/A  H  H. Year 1 was L changed to M.   (1283) 
1952 123 748 2/1/2018 -25 -80 55 1.375  -3 -83 -80  22 -3 767 -19  123  N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.  (1284) 
1953 123 747 2/2/2018 -22 -78 56 1.4  -4  -82 -78 18 -4  766 -19  123  N/A  H M. Year 1 was M.  (1285) 
1954 124 745 2/3/2018 -17 -77 60 1.5 -3 -84 -81 14 -7 765 -20 124 N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.  (1286) 
1955 124 745 2/4/2018 -21 -77 56  1.4   -4  -83 -79 17 -6 764 -19  124  N/A  H M. Year 1 was M.  (1287) 
1956 125 744 2/5/2018 -14 -79 65 1.625 -3 -84 -81 11 -5 763 -19 125  N/A   H M. Year 1 was L changed to N/A.    (1288). Note: Sol 1956 had no data posted until 2/5/2018.
1957 125 741 2/6/2018 -21 -77  56  1.4  -3  -85 -82 18  -8 N/A   N/A   125  N/A   H  N/A. Year 1 was M.   (1289)
1958 126 741 2/7/2018 -14 -77  63 1.575 -2 -82 -79  12 -5 N/A   N/A   126 N/A   H  N/A. Year 1 was M.   (1290)
1959 126 740 2/8/2018 -15 -78 63  1.575  -2  -82  -80 13 -4 760 -20  126  N/A H H. Year 1 was M.  (1291)
1960 127 740 2/9/2018  -14 -78 64 1.6 -2  -81 -79 12  -3 760 -20 127 N/A  H H. Year 1 was M.  (1292)
1961 127 742 2/11/2018  -21 -77  56   1.4  -3 -84 -81 18 -7 758 -16 127 N/A  H M. Year 1 was M.  

(1293)

1962 128 738 2/12/2018 -14 -78 64  1.6  3 -82 -85 17 -4  758  -20  128  N/A  H M. Year 1 was M.  

(1294). Note: altitude on Sol 1962 was -4,147 meters.  Altitude on Sol 1294 was -4,424 meters.

Curoisity has climbed 277 meters in a Martian year. The pressure dropped    20 Pa.

See the calculation below.

From Sol 1962 to 1985 the altitude remained at about -4147 meters.

1963 128 737 2/13/2018 -14 -77 63 1.575  3 -87 -84 17  -10 758  -21 128  N/A   H M. Year 1 was M.   

(1295)

1964 129 736 2/14/2018 -16 -75 59 1.475  4 -84 -88 20 -9 756 -20  129  N/A  H M. Year 1 was M.  

(1296)

1965 129 735 2/15/2018 -12 -76 64 1.6  3  -83 -86 15 -7 755 -20  129  N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.    (1297) 
1966 130 735 2/16/2018 -18 -77 59  1.475   3 -82 -85 21 -5 755 -20  130 N/A H  M. Year 1 was M.    (1298) 
1967 130 734 2/17/2018 -15 -76 61 1.525 4 -84  -88  19 -8 753 -19 130 N/A  H  M. Year 1 was M.    (1299) 
1968 131 732 2/18/2018 -19 -76 57 1.425   3 -85 -88  22 -9 752 -20, but note alteration in pressure previous year 131  945 H M. Year 1 was H.   (1300)
1969 131 732 2/19/2018 -16 -76 60 1.5   3 -84  -87 19 -8  752  -20, but note alteration in pressure previous year  131  1154 H M. Year 1 was H.   (1301)
1970 132 732 2/20/2018 -16 -77 61  1.525  4 -83 -87 20  -6 751 -19  132 N/A  H M. Year 1 was H.    (1302)
1971 132 731 2/21/2018  -13 -78 65 1.625   3   -84   -87  16
-6 
 751  -20    132  N/A H  H Year 1 was H.  (1303) 
1972 133 730 2/22/2018  -14 -78  64 1.6 4  -83 -87  18 -5  750 -20    133 N/A  H  M. Year 1 was H.  (1304)
1973 133 730 2/23/2018  -18 -78  60 1.5 5 -82 -87  23 -4  749 -19  133 N/A H  H Year 1 was H.   (1305) Note: High ground temp on Sol 1305 was -9, low was -77
1974 134 729 2/24/2018  -13 -77 64  1.6  4  -83 -87  17 -6  748 -19   134 N/A  H  H Year 1 was M.   (1306) 
1975 134 729 2/25/2018  -16 -76 60  1.5  4  -83  -87  20 -7 748  -19  134 N/A  H   H Year 1 was M.    (1307) 
1976 135 728 2/26/2018  -10 -77  67 1.675  4 -83  -87  14 -6  748  -20  135 N/A  H   H Year 1 was M.    (1308)
1977 135 727 2/27/2018   -10  -77  67  1.675   6 -85 -91  16 -8 747 -20    135  N/A  H  H Year 1 was M.     (1309) 
1978 136 727  2/28/2018  -14 -78  64  1.6  4  -81 -85  18 -3 745  -18   136  N/A H  M. Year 1 was H.   (1310) 
1979 136  726 3/1/2018  -14 -76 62 1.55 4  -82 -86 18  -6 745 -19  136 N/A  H   H Year 1 was H.  (1311) 
1980 137 725 3/2/2018  -11 -77  66 1.65  5  -82  -87 16  -5 745  -20  137  N/A  H   H Year 1 was H. (1312) 
1981 137 725 3/3/2018  -10 -75 65  1.625   4  -84 -86 14 -9 745  -20   137 N/A   H  H Year 1 was H.  (1313) 
1982 138 724 3/4/2018  -7 -77  70 1.75  6  -82  -88 13 -5  744  -20    138  N/A H   H Year 1 was H. (1314) 
1983 138  723 3/5/2018  -8 -76  68

1.7

5   -82  -87  13  -6  744  -21  138 N/A  H  H Year 1 was H.  (1315) 
1984 139 723  3/6/2018  -11 -77  66 1.65  6  -81  -87  17 -4